Friday, February 16, 2018

A Jewish sub-Kingdom in Medieval Scotland: DF105 y-dna

Many of us have read the fascinating book “When Scotland Was Jewish” which reveals some of the hidden Jewish history of Scotland over the last 800 years. In past blogs I have also written much about this hidden Jewish History of Scotland over the last two thousand years or more. I have discussed the role of the real life dark haired Jewish beauty Rebecca or Rae who Sir Walter Scott’s Jewish Rebecca draws on while set in an early period of Scottish and English history. 

This real life Rebecca was the illegitimate Jewish half-sister of Lady Margaret of Flanders. Margaret of Flanders was the wife of the heir to the Scottish throne Prince Alexander MacAlexander and her half-sister Rebecca was his mistress and the mother of his illegitimate children. After the young death of Prince Alexander, Rebecca (or Rae) married Angus I Mor ( b.1235 d.1296) the 3rd Lord of the Isles (r.1256-1296) as his second wife. Her son by Prince Alexander was Isaac MacRae (also known as MacRath) whose Gaelic name was Iain Alisdair and the English version was John Alexander. He was also known as MacRath Amuligane. Rebecca’s daughter Mariota married Angus I's son Alexander by his first wife Juliana. Rebecca’s other daughter Isobel or Yochabel married Sir John of Lamont.

Rebecca was also known as Reine or Reyna which means Queen. Her mother Yochabed or Yochabel was the Flemish Jewish Reyna or Queen. Some of the anti-Jewish Christians referred to these Jewish Queens as Jezebels and Isabella was a popular name of females of this dynasty. Rebecca or Rae was the first Scottish Reine or Reyna and her daughter Isabella (Yochabel) was the second. Thus these Dark Jewish Queens were sometimes married to the Dark Kings but were a separate institution within the Jewish community of Scotland. The third Reine or Rae was Mary Isabella Lamont the granddaughter of Rebecca.

In a past post I speculated that the name of Amuligane or Molegan came from the Hebrew haMelekh haKatan which means “the Little King”, however it could also be haMelekh haKohen which means the Priest King or from HaMelekh Khaghan. Another possiblility is HaMelekh haKeheh which means the Dark King. Hakeheh means the dark one. This title of the Dark King may have referred to the dark hair and skin of Isaac that he had inherited from his mother. This is the reason that this family were associated with the name Dubh (dark or black in Gaelic) or Duncan (a dark or brown warrior) and Maurice (meaning dark skinned or swarthy in Latin). Some of the anti-semites of the time used this name in alluding to the Jewish king as the offspring of the dark one or Satan. 

The title Amuligane developed into the surnames Milliken and Mulligan and other variants. The emblem of this Royal Family was the Red Rampant Lion of the House of David representing the Royal Lion of Judah. This was used to demonstrate their descent from Alexander II and Alexander III Kings of Scotland who first used this emblem in its present form as the Royal Scottish Standard and thus claiming Royal Davidic descent from both David I of Scots and King David of Israel. King David I of Scotland would seem to have been the first Scottish King to use the emblem of the Rampant Lion. He was perceived by many Jews as a Messianic Davidic figure and through St Margaret he was of Royal Khazar Jewish ancestry. The Milliken coat of arms has three rampant lions which are red but originally the three were different colours of red, blue and black (sable). The Red Rampant Lion represented the Royal House of the Khazar Jews and the Scottish Kings of the House of Atholl-Dunkeld, the Blue Rampant Lion represented the Lion of Judah and the House of David and the Black Rampant Lion the Counts of Flanders and the Royal House of the Rhadanite Jews.

After the death of Prince Alexander Rebecca fled north to her relatives in Moray and then married the Lord of the Isles who like Rebecca were descended from the Khazar royal kings called Khagan which had in Flanders been adapted to Kohen. Rebecca belonged to the Flemish branch of the Khazar Royal line. I have written in other blogs about the arrival of the Khazar Royal Warriors to Scotland so I will not repeat that now. Isaac was soon given lands in the area of Dumfries and Galloway and had a certain protection as the step-son of the Lord of the Isles. He later became allied with Robert the Bruce through his marriage to Robert's sister Lady Margaret Bruce.

Rebecca who was also known as haMalcah haKehah (the Dark Queen) was considered the leader or Queen of the Jews of Scotland and the Isles. Malca Kehah was the origin of the MacKay name and her son Isaac is also known as Iye Mor MacKay in the MacKay genealogies. Isaac I's son Daniel MacIsaac was also known as Donald MacKaheh or MacKay. Daniel married the macHeth or McEth heiress. Rebecca was the true 1st Chieftain[ess] of MacKay. Rebecca’s father Count Gui de Dampierre was known as Guy de Cahan in the Scottish genealogies. Some of her descendants also took the name of MacGui (MacGhie) or MacGee. Mary MacGee married into the MacDevitt family and their son John took the MacGee (MacKee) surname and was the ancestor of the ZZ36 y-dna haplogroup. Gui's original Jewish name was Gershon and he was a descendant of Rabbi Isaac of Dampierre (b.1120). However his name of Gui was connected to his nickname in Hebrew of Keheh (Dark one). Gui's coat of arms was a sable or dark rampant Lion which he wore on his surcoat. Rebecca’s son Angus II Og MacDonald by her husband Angus I became the 5th Lord of the Isles after the death of his half-brother Alexander II Og MacDonald in 1299.

Rebecca’s son Isaac was revered as being a Jew who was also the son of the last male heir of the older Scottish Dynasty of Dunkeld-Atholl. He was perceived as a Jewish sub or under King over those Jews who still practiced Judaism in quiet and private ways in Scotland, even those of Jewish origin who were members of the Catholic Church revered Isaac as a kind of mystical Davidic priest-king. He became the second Earl of Sutherland under the name of Uilleam or William on the death of his mother's relative Uilleam (Gilleoin) or William de Moravia the first Earl of Sutherland when he was a small child. The names of Isaac and William had first been connected when Isaac Kalonymus became known as Isaac Gellone and then Gellone became associated with William (Guillaume/ Guilelmus) in 8th century Septimania. Isaac's uncle Nathan Kalonymus (Gellone) was also called Guillaume de Gellone or William of Orange.

Isaac I MacRae (b.1282 d.1314) was succeeded in 1314 as Scots King of the Jews (or the Dark King) by his son Keheh I MacIsaac (or Kahan I) whose Gaelic name was Angus Dubh Alisdair (also known as Maurice MacRae or MacRath). In 1320 he succeeded his half-uncle Angus II as Angus III MacAlexander the 6th Lord of the Isles (r.1320-1330). Angus may have been the the Earl of Sutherland from 1314 under the name of Uilleam or William (Gillanders). He has been often confused by historians with his half-uncle of the same name of Angus. His wife was known as Agnes MacDonald Cahan and she was the daughter of Alexander II MacDonald and Lady Mariota Alexander of the Isles (the daughter of Rebecca). Keheh I (Angus) had a brother Gershon MacIsaac who was also known as Gilbert de Insula who was granted lands in Menstrie in 1330. Another brother Chanan MacIsaac was known as Kenneth de Moravia the 4th Earl of Sutherland. His nephew Chanan MacKeheh was also called Kenneth (Kenzie) the 1st Mackenzie Lord of Kintail. He was the Mackenzie ancestor of the R1b M222 DF104 ZZ55 y-dna haplogroup.

Keheh I MacIsaac was succeeded as the Scots Jewish King by his son Isaac II Pharez MacKeheh (b.1320 d.1387) who was also known as Iain Alisdair or John Alexander as well as John MacRath or MacRae. His half-cousin John MacDonald of Islay the son of Angus II Og macDonald had succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles in 1330. On his half-cousin’s death he married his widow Amy Ruiari (MacRory) and became the 8th Lord of the Isles as John II MacAlexander (MacAlisdair) in 1345. He married a second time to Princess Margaret Stewart the daughter of King Robert II Stewart. Robert II’s wife Elizabeth Mure, the mother of Princess Margaret, was a maternal granddaughter of Isaac I and his wife Lady Margaret Bruce (who may have quietly embraced Judaism on her marriage to Isaac I). It is most likely Isaac II (aka John Alexander Lord of the Isles) who was the founder and ancestor of R1b M222 DF105 y-dna.

Isaac II as John II Alexander Lord of the Isles continued his cousin's support of Robert Stewart. In 1366 when King David II tried to raise a tax for his ransom, John rebelled and held out the longest. In a Treaty in 1369 John was reconciled to King David. King Robert II however decided to divide and conquer by granting certain parts of the Kingdom of the Isles to be inherited by the step-children of John (the children of his first wife Amie by his cousin John I McDonald) and the rest to John's own children by Princess Margaret Stewart. He was succeeded as Lord of the Isles by his son Donald.

Around this time there seemed to be an increase of the rate of mutations in the y-dna with the advent of the Little Ice Age due to cataclysmic events in the southern and possibly western hemispheres around 1320 and then again in 1530 and 1605 thus deepening the effects of the Little Ice Age. Isaac II was succeeded as Scots King of the Jews by his son Keheh II Mac Isaac who was also known as Hugh Alexander (Aodh Alisdair) as well as Dubh or Duncan McRae as well as Maurice MacRath. Keheh II as his name suggests was dark haired and olive skinned and his wife Lady Margaret McKay was blonde with fair skin and was known as Mariota Fionna (Margaret the Fair). Two of their sons Angus (Keheh) and Gilbert (Gershon) had the dark looks of their father and were known as MacDubh. Two of the sons Christopher (Chaim) and John (Isaac III MacKeheh) had the fair looks of their mother and were known as MacFinlay.

Keheh II (Kahan II) was the founder and ancestor of R1b M222 FGC4133 y-dna. Hugh or Keheh II had been chosen to succeed his father as his older brothers embraced the Catholic Church. His younger brother Marcus (aka Moses) also remained a Jew and some of his descendants were also known as Amuligane as the Dark Jewish King. Marcus married the Jewess Amy McDonald who was a maternal great granddaughter of Rebecca through the Campbell and Lamont families. Keheh II's brother Donald was the 9th Lord of the Isles and the founder of R1b M222 S588 y-dna. He was succeeded by his brother Alexander III MacAlexander Lord of the Isles who married Lady Mary Lennox and his son Alexander the 1st Baron of Menstrie was the ancestor of R1b M222 A259 and A260 y-dna and his other son John MacAlexander was the ancestor of R1b M222 DF85 y-dna.

It would seem that the descendants of Gershon MacKeheh (Gilbert Grierson) and Isaac III MacKeheh claimed the Amuligane or HaMelekh HaKeheh position or title and from about 1500 it started to be used as a surname by some descendants of both brothers. It would seem that Isaac III Keheh was succeeded as Amuligane by his son Keheh III MacIsaac (Cuthbert MacRath Amuligane)[b.1410 d.1462] who was succeeded by the grandson of Gilbert Grierson called Gershon I MacVedast (Gilbert Grierson Amuligane) [b.1443 d.1472]. Gershon I was succeeded by Keheh IV MacGershon (Cuthbert Amuligane) [b.1450 d.1485] a grandson of Keheh III. He was succeeded byTam I MacGershom (Thomas Amuligane son of William Grierson) [b.1449 d.1495]. He was succeeded by Pharez I MacPharez (Fergus Amuligane) [b.1475 d.1538] of Blackmyre. Pharez's I's grandfather was John MacRath (Isaac Pharez) who was the son of  Marcus (Moses) MacRath who was the son of Isaac II MacKeheh Amuligane (aka John Alexander Lord of the Isles). Pharez I was succeeded by his son Isaac IV MacPharez (John MacRath Amuligane) [b.1496 d.1547] and he was succeeded by his brother-in-law Keheh V MacReuben (Cuthbert Grierson Amuligane son of Robert Grierson) and his son William Amuligane was probably the last of the Jewish kinglets and the name just became a surname after his time. However they may have continued as secret Jewish Kings or the Amuligane until around the early 17th century

Isaac IV's relative Abraham MacPharez (aka Alexander Frew) b.1510 a great-grandson of Isaac Pharez MacMoses (aka John Fergus MacRath) became the ancestor of the Farew or Frew family of Ayrshire (Kilwinning). Abraham's grandfather may have moved from the Blackmyre region of Nithsdale to Perth in the north and from there the Frew family branched out to Kilwinning and Kilsyth and the area Gargunnock and the Fords of Frew which was named after this family. However it may not have been Nithsdale that the Frew's moved from but further north of Perth from the Glen Tilt area that they moved to Perth while the MacRath/Amuligane branch moved to Blackmyre. Isaac IV's son Isaac MacIsaac (John Mullikine) was the belonged to Z44996 y-dna. His grandson Chanan (Kenneth Mullikine) was the ancestor of A822 Y-dna.

The fourth Dark Jewish Rae or Reine (Queen) was Helena Campbell (b.1348) the daughter of Lady Mary Isabella Lamont (b.1318 d.1364). The fifth Queen was Lady Amy McDonald of Islay the daughter of Helena Campbell. Amy was the wife of Marcus (Moses) MacRath whose brother was the Amuligane or Dark Jewish King. Amy's daughter Isabella MacRath married Isaac III MacKeheh.

The mysterious figures of Rae (Rebecca), the MacIsaac family and the Amuliganes reveal a rich hidden Jewish history of Scotland. When I was younger I often heard of the Scots being referred to as the Jews of the North.  Cecil Roth in his writings sought to explain this Jewish input into Scotland by suggesting that many children from English Jewish families had their children taken off them in the Medieval period and sent North to the border region of Scotland and England. However it was the input from the Khazars (MacDonald) Kings or Lords of the Isles and the Flemish Jews of Flanders that were the major source of hidden Jews in Scotland. It was the MacDonald Clan that was the overarching shield of these various Jewish families and then the MacKay (Ikey Mo) Clan that had its origin within this MacDonald Clan among some of the descendants of Rebecca and Isaac.

It is also important to note that these Flemish Jews that are the ancestors of Rebecca's parents are not only those of Khazar ancestry who most likely enter Flanders from the Khazar kingdoms of the Isles and Moray (Moravia) in northern Scotland but of their intermarriage with the Rhadanite Jews of Flanders and France which may have a link to the Rhodan and Synklar Jews of Calalus who also arrived in Western Europe in the 10th century. This is a further area of study and research that will reveal more of the hidden Davidic, Jewish and Jewish Catholic history of Europe and the world which was hidden or obscured firstly by Gentile Catholics and Christians as well as Rabbinic Jews and later by the modernists in academia and science.


New Subclades of R1b M222+ ydna: The Scottish Sons of Isaac (DF104)

Guy de Dampierre and the mystery of Rebecca: A Scottish Tale


Friday, February 2, 2018

Is Big Y testing worth while? O'Reilly, Alexander and Bloomer y-dna

 Count Alejandro O'Reilly

The world of dna and genetic testing and studies are still in its infancy. Theories come and go as do dating methodologies and algorithms. Thus is it worth having one's dna tested? For those interested in their family ancestry it certainly has been when combined with other genealogical records. 

Like most families my Bloomer family had the stories passed down about their ancestry. We knew that our first Bloomer had arrived in Australia as an enrolled pensioner guard over the convicts on the "Racehorse" ship in 1865 with his wife and two young sons. We knew he had been a bombardier in British India and was born in Knockbride parish in Cavan in Ireland. He was believed by some family traditions to be descended from James Bloomer from America who settled in Cavan after the American Revolution. Others believed he had first settled in Yorkshire and then come to Ireland as there were records for a James Bloomer and Martha Greenwood from Yorkshire who settled in Meath.

Research of the records of Cavan demonstrated that there was a Bloomer family in Knockbride descended from James Bloomer who arrived there as a soldier settler after 1783. Others believed that the Bloomer family were descended from the O'Gormley family. Others that James Bloomer was descended from Robert Bloomer of Westchester New York. Others thought they descended from a Jewish family of Bloomer or Blumer. The American Bloomer family had a tradition that a James Bloomer had left America at the time of the American Revolution for England. It was believed this James Bloomer was the son of Joseph Bloomer and his wife Sarah Weygant.

My own father believed that his Bloomer ancestors were a long line of soldiers who were descended from the High Kings of Ireland and King David of Israel.  A heraldist, in the days before y-dna testing, told him that the Irish Bloomers were originally O'Gormley who were descended from Prince Moen a great grandson of High King Niall of the Nine Hostages. He was happy with that and used to some times say his real name should be Gilbert O'Gormley. If he had lived long enough he would have been pleased to see that his y-dna was R1b M222 which was said to descend from Niall of the Nine Hostages.

The advent of dna testing in the 21st century demonstrated that our Bloomer family was not descended on the direct male line from either the Bloomer family of New York (who were R1b but not M222) or the O'Gormley who descended from a different branch of M222 than did our Cavan Bloomers. So a new search of the records began and it now seemed that our James Bloomer took his name from his mother and stepfather who were both Bloomer but his actual father was known as James Alexander a relative of Lord Stirling. James died in 1756 in the Indian Wars in Tennessee. His wife Abigail Alexander (nee Bloomer) married her cousin John Bloomer. They were both grandchildren of Robert Bloomer and his wife Elizabeth Rachel Bullis of New York. 

This seemed to fit with the dna evidence as our Bloomer y-dna matched with a number of different Alexander families with the genetic distance of 0 out of 25. I joined the Alexander dna project and I was grouped in the Alexander of Campbelltown grouping. There was much confusion in the different Alexander genealogies which only started to be cleared up by the y-dna testing and the grouping together of those who shared the same y-dna haplogroups.

Further research into the genealogy demonstrated that James Alexander and his brother John were two of the sons of John Alexander and Ann Reilly but had been reared by their O'Reilly grand-uncle Thomas in Spain after the death of their parents. His brother John Alexander O'Reilly was to become the famous Spanish Count Alejandro O'Reilly. With further deeper y-dna testing it was found that our closest matches were indeed people with the surnames of Reilly, O'Reilly and Riley. 

It seemed to be now sorted. Our Bloomer family were descended from James Alexander (O'Reilly) and Abigail Bloomer through their son James Alexander Bloomer who married Judith Cohen who were the soldier settlers in Cavan and later became soldiers in Russia before returning to Ireland and settling in Knockbride area of Rooskey after 1815. Further dna testing demonstrated we now belonged to the A260 group within M222. There were a number of Reilly or Riley men in America who also belonged to A260 who seemed to be descendants of James Alexander (O'Reilly)'s brother the Count John Alexander O'Reilly by his first Spanish born Irish wife Margarita Byrne (or O'Byrne).

We knew from our ancestor Edward Bloomer's Indian records that his father was Edward Bloomer not his brother George Bloomer as had been thought before. Edward and George were the sons of John Bloomer who had come as a small child to Cavan with his parents James and Judith Bloomer. John later went as a soldier to Russia and with his sons served in Tartu, Estonia under General O'Rurk. John Bloomer's sister Elizabeth had also gone with her husband Edward O'Reilly to Russia where he also served with his brother-in-law in the Russian army.

Many people were suggesting I get the Big Y test done but I couldn't see how I would learn anything new as my terminal SNP was listed as A260. Finally I decided to do it even if it was just to help the overall research into dna. I then was surprised to find out that I did not branch off from my O'Reilly genetic cousins at A260 but that I actually had A883, A887 and BY21239 in common with them. I was closer related to them than I had believed.

I had been somewhat puzzled that Edward Bloomer had a Catholic wife and then after her death he had a Church of Ireland wife (one a Frankist and the other a crypto-Jewess). My Edward Bloomer was baptised Catholic so it was strange that his father was Church of Ireland. I now realised that in fact there had been two Edward Bloomers who were cousins that served as soldiers in Russia. Edward Bloomer (b.1798 Tartu) who married Elizabeth Fox in 1827 was not my ancestor but his cousin Edward O'Reilly (b.1801 Tartu). This Edward took his mother's surname Bloomer and married Henrietta Maria O'Rourke and was the father of my Edward Bloomer the bombardier.

Thus most of the traditions or legends turned out to have some truth. We were descended from the Westchester Bloomer family but on a maternal line. We were descended from Jewish Bloomers as they were crypto-Jews and Frankists but again on a maternal line. However even on the O'Reilly paternal line we were from Jewish maternal lineages. Count O'Reilly's first wife was descended maternally from Marrano Spanish Jews of the Coronel family. His son James Byrne O'Reilly married a Frankist Jewess of the Mayer family. She and her brothers moved to Ireland from Germany and took the surname Maher. James' son Edward was a soldier in Russia where he married Sarah Rivka Rivlin who was the secret Frankist daughter of Rabbi Benjamin Rivlin. Their son was Captain Edward O'Reilly (b.1780 Russia d.1810 Russia) was the husband of Elizabeth Abigail Bloomer the daughter of John Alexander Bloomer and Judith Susanna Cohen.

Tracing people only using historical records can have many pitfalls in regards to non-paternal events, name changes and adoptions. Count O'Reilly records his father as Thomas O'Reilly who is actually his great-uncle and foster father. Did he do that so he could claim illustrious O'Reilly ancestry or did he actually think Thomas was his father? One needs to use a number of sources historical, oral and legendary as well using the dna evidence. Many genealogies or family trees may need to be adjusted to fit the new evidence but it can also give impetus to new searches in historical documents to discover non-paternal events such as happened with the House of York who turned out to have a different paternal y-dna than the rest of the Plantagenet dynasty. Its source was easy enough to find and had always been spoken about as a possibility in historical literature but went from just an unproven speculation to a most likely event due to the y-dna evidence. So the answer to the question was it worthwhile to get the Big Y test is a definite YES in my case.

Friday, January 19, 2018

Synklar Diamond Lords of Calalus and the Location of the Ruins of Rhoda

In a past blog about 10 years ago in 2008 I first wrote about the Roman Jewish Kingdom of Calalus in North America connected with the Tucson Arizona artifacts as written about by Professor Cyclone Covey. I also wrote about their connection with the Septimanian Jewish Kingdom and the Welsh and Spanish royalty. I also linked them to the mystery of the Tuatha de Danaan.

The Manannan or Danaan people of the Tribe of Zebulon were also known as the Frisians (R1b U106 L48). Around 650-700 AD they had left their Kingdom in Calalus and settled on the Isle of Man as well as another group in France in the area of La Mans (Maine) and in the area of Frisia as well as their homeland of Frisland or Lochlann Island. Some of the Frisians had embraced Judaism and Catholicism while others remained or re-embraced paganism and others held to elements of all three. However the Frisians in the north were mainly pagans. The term Manannan (Manaan/ Manaanan, Maine and other variants) refers to the Western Lands (America) and can be confusing as it is a name used for the Frisians as well as for the British or Welsh inhabitants of Calalus.

Old English and Old Frisian are very closely related languages descending from the Zebulonite languages of which Old German, Old Yiddish and Old Dutch are also branches. The Basque language however was the language that developed in Calalus among the Rhodans drawing on the Aquitainian, Ladino and Welsh languages with also some input from the Tolteca (Ogham) language of America as well as Latin and Hebrew. Thus the Mananaans (Manaans) spoke Anglo-Frisian and the British Calalusians a version of Cymric (Welsh) and the Rhodans Old Basque-Aquitainian. The original Zebulonite language found in Western Europe developed from a mix of the Hebrew-Aramaic of northern Israel mixed with the Atlantean language (Old Greco-Hebrew Language). Old Western Yiddish in fact may be the language of the Synklar Jews of Calalus who settled in Germany and Poland from the 10th century and mixed with the Aramaic speaking Jews of Ashkenaz. This Synklar Yiddish influenced Middle High German. The Western Yiddish language would spread east and mix with the Slavic based Jewish language to create Eastern Yiddish. These Synklar Jews who joined the Ashkenazi Jewish communities belonged to both the Manaan R1b U106 and Rhodan R1b U152 and R1b DF27 haplogroups. Sadly these Jews suffered the greatest loss of numbers during the Holocaust.

As the Western Zebulonites didn't receive their U106 marker until about 580 BC they had in the time of the Northern Atlantis kingdom belonged to R1b P297 y-dna as part of the Sons of Leah. The R1b P297 Israelites including the Zebulonites may have received the M269 marker as a result of the cataclysmic destruction of Atlantis in 968 BC. It was during the time of the Atlantean Empire and after that the tall blonde haired blue eyed Zebulonites known as Danaan settled in the Americas. They encountered there the red-bronze skinned Rhodanim or Toltecas (probably C haplogroup) and the white skinned red haired descendants of Manasseh (R1 M173*) from which the name Manaanan or Manaan was given as a name for America.

The name of Tarshishim in Jewish tradition of a group of angels was taken from the blonde haired, white skinned and blue eyed Zebulonites descended from Helon. In the south Atlantean language and Mycenean Greek they were known as the Akero (messengers) and in the north Atlantean language of the Helonites it became Agelo and in West German as Eadgil or Engel. The mysterious blonde-haired white skinned Chachapoyas of Peru are descendants of the Chauci who were one of the groups of West German Zebulonites closely related to the Frisian and Angles. The Chauci disappeared from Europe in the 3rd century moving to the Americas. In the first three centuries AD the Frisians, Angles and Chauci lived in the area of the Elbe River. They were known as the Elben or Elven people. The Saxons moved into the former areas of the Chauci. The Saxons or Sacae were originally from the Tribe of Issachar. It would seem that the Angles, Frisians and Chauci came from Calalus (Calchi) to the River Elbe in Europe after Calalus and Mexico was conquered from the Olmecs and Toltecs by the Romans in 100 BC. It would seem that these tribes allied with the Romans to build the so-called Teotihuacan civilisation after their defeat of the Olmecs (Ogres). The so-called Zapotec culture is that of the Danaan or Frisians who were known also as the Be'ena Za'a (Cloud People) before the coming of the Romans and their oppression by the Olmecs. Before moving south and establishing the Zapotec culture around 600 BC they (Angles, Frisians and Chauci) came from Calalus from Atzlan (area of Colorado and Utah- an island in an ancient Lake), Colhuacan at Canyon de Chelly in Arizona and Chicomoztoc at the Gila Cliff Dwellings in New Mexico.

In 775 AD under King Nehemiah Theodoric (Theodore) of Septimania (Narbonne) Jewish Rule was reestablished in Calalus and a branch of the Manaan or Frisian Royal House returned to Calalus. Around 820 AD a grandson of Elidyr II of the Manaan was given the rulership of the area north of Arizona. This Prince or Lord was Cadrod Synklar (Siksika which means blackfoot in the Indian language) and he and his Manaan and Rhodan warriors ruled over a kingdom known as the Kingdom or Confederacy of the Blackfoot or Blackfeet. This Confederacy or Lordship acknowledged the overlordship of the Davidic Throne of the Rhodan Kingdom of Calalus. Cadrod married the daughter of King Israel I Guriad ha Makhiri (Magnarvm) of Rhoda and Calalus. Cadrod and Atala's son was called Ciman the Black Foot (Droed Ddu in Welsh) who succeeded him as the Synklar Ruler of Northern Calalus.

 The centre of this northern kingdom or Lordship was in the area of the Blackfoot Ranges and the Blackfoot River north of Arizona. This Lordship extended eastward over the Great Plains of America. While the Ruling class of the Manaan were Jewish and Jewish Christians the vast bulk of the natives under their rule were called Pagani or Pagans by the Synklar (Siksika) which became Pikanu or Peiganu. The Synklar Rulers were also known as the Lords of the Diamond Mines around Lake Kelsey (which was the original Diamond Lake). The so-called Fremont culture represents the heart land of this northern Siksika or Synklar kingdom which is south of the Blackfoot mountain ranges.

This Judeo-Christian settlement in North America was ruled over by a Jewish Davidic King and a Jewish Sanhedrin of elders. The round buildings called Kivas were the Jewish-Christian chapels or synagogues that were first built as Adoration chapels during the Arthurian period of Calalus' history. Larger Kiva's were built for community Eucharistic worship after the King and the leading citizens of Rhoda embraced a Jewish-style Catholicism around 800 AD.

One branch of the Synklar Lords became the Sinclair Lords of Rosslin (R1b U106 Z30) in Scotland and another branch known as the Finck (Diamond) Lords (R1b U106 Z331) went into Germany. The noble Finck von Finckenstein family may be one branch of this second family. Some of them joined the Ashkenazi Jewish community. Both these branches descend from Ithick (Idigg) the Diamond Lord of Calalus [born 925] who left America with his son Iddon (Yahalom Adon) who married Lady Papia of Normandy a daughter of Richard I the Fearless Duke of Normandy and his wife Lady Gunnor of Denmark.

Iddig was the son of Lord Llywarch (the Horse leader) of the Synklar who in turn was the son of Lord Llofan of the Synklar the son of Ciman the Blackfoot. Lord Idigg had a son called Meurig or Mauger the Elder who was known in German as Markwart von Eppenstein or Elfenstein. This word came from the use of the terms of Elfen or Elven stone for the diamonds or jewels which came from Calalus. It was also known as Finkel stone. The Manaan who were usually tall and blonde were associated with the term Elf or Elven. One branch of this family were the Dukes of Carinthia and another branch became the Finck von Fickenstein family while other members used the name Finck, Finkelstein and Epstein. Finckenstein Palace in Poland and the name of the River and nearby fortress of Elblag or Elbling was named for these Elven Lords. Eppenstein Castle in Austria was originally the Elfenstein Castle. Also the area of Elfenstein in the Harz mountains of Germany was a settlement of the Elven Manaan.

Some researchers believe that the ruins of Rhoda the capital and royal city of Calalus was those at Tumamoc Hill overlooking Tucson and there is also the ruins of a fortress further south about 16 miles on Black Mountain (Arizona). In fact I hold that the capital city includes the ruins of Tumamoc Hill and Black Mountain but that the heart of the city is in the Tucson Mountains and the huge Limestone blocks found in the Tucson Mountains from the Chaos Mountain on the north east (not far from the Silver Bell Rd where the Tucson artifacts of Calalus were found) to the Bren and Cat mountains on the east and south are the remnant of the Limestone blocks that made up the walls of this great city. Thus the low Tucson Mountains may be the ruins of the great city of Rhoda.

It is also possible that the mountains of Santa Catalina, Rincon and Santa Rita along with the Tucson mountains all hide the ruins of the Rhodan Capital and hide a huge city complex surrounded by the four so-called mountain ranges. However the latter Limestone Rhodan capital may only be found in the Tucson Mountains and the bigger complex having been built and destroyed in earlier times of American history. In these earlier periods a long time before 100 BC and the establishment of Roman Calalus Arizona had a different landscape with large freshwater lakes and vegetation.

The dating methodologies used by archeologists and anthropologists are notoriously inaccurate and the dating of the periods is in need of revision. The so-called Pueblo I period is most likely the time of the Arthurian period in Calalus history around 520-700 AD. The Pueblo II period is that of the first phase of the Septimanian Roman Jewish period from 775-860 AD and the second phase of the Septimanian Roman Jewish period Pueblo III 860-1000. The so-called Basketmaker III era was most likely the period of Roman Calalus from 100 BC- 400 AD. Pueblo IV period is the period after the exodus of the bulk of the white population to Europe and any remnants mainly intermarried with the native American Indians. However there were still small groups of white tribes that moved elsewhere in the Americas. One group are the Mandans of the Alabama and Georgia areas and those that moved to the Appalachian Mountains and later became known as the Melungeons. Others went south into South America.

It may be that Tolkien's Middle-Earth may allude to the peoples of Calalus. The area of the Anasazi being that of the Hobbits who were British or Welsh settlers that were mostly under 5 ft 4. The Mogollon area of the Frisians or Manaan represents the Elves who are tall and blonde. The Synklar or Fremont area represents Rohan and Hohokam and Patayan represent Arnor and Gondor. The Dwarves represent the miners of the Calalus settlements. The Orks in Tolkien represent the Toltecas or Olmecs who invaded Calalus from Mexico. The Wizards represent the Romano-Jewish Catholic Bishops and Abbots of Calalus. Gandalf represents Quetzalcoatl.

It would seem that the Welsh settlers were not in favour of the evangelisation of the pagan peoples as they hadn't been in Britain. They were traditional enemies with the pagan Frisian Kingdom to their south. However the newly converted Jewish Catholics were keen on evangelisation. However this came to a head in the reign of Israel III in 880 AD who gave the Toltecas (pagan American Indians) their independence and he was banished and Israel IV took the Throne. After the defeat by the Indians of the Calalus kingdoms most returned to Europe but a remnant moved to the area of Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia where the Rhodan, Welsh and Frisian remnants eventually united into one allied people and in the 12th century their settlement was reinforced by the Welsh under Prince Madoc of Wales. Both the Choctaws and the Comanche tells of these tall white giants (the Frisians) who they encountered and fought with and killed them in the area of Tennessee. It would seem some of those of the white remnant from the Synklar confederacy moved west to the Great Lakes area into western Canada and where they were visited and resettled on the islands of the northern Atlantic by Henry Sinclair the Earl of the Northern Isles in the 14th century.

It is also interesting that it is into this area in the south west of the USA that the crypto-Jewish Spanish settlers moved into during the time of Spanish expansion from Mexico. Many of these crypto-Jewish settlers may have been partly descended from the Rhodans who had returned to Europe and settled in northern Spain around 1000 AD and joined in the fight to free Spain of Muslim rule. Among these returnees to Europe were those who entered the noble and royal classes as Catholics who maintained Jewish customs and practices in the secrecy of their homes and families and those who joined the religious Jewish community. Due to the rise in anti-Semitism and anti-Judaism these Jewish origins were hidden by both the Catholic and Jewish communities. 

Tucson Mountains seen from Tumamoc Hill

Lot King of Lochlann (490 - ) 
son of Cadlew King of Lochlann
Prince Gwalchafed (Gaheris/ Gareth) of Lochlann and Lothian (515 - )
son of Lot King of Lochlann and Princess Anna of Britain daughter of Huna Mar Exilarch and British King by his wife Lady Abiane Gwenllian of Mahoza and Gewisse
Eadgils King of Mrygings in Sweden (534 - )
son of Prince Gwalchafed (Gaheris/ Gareth) of Lochlann and Lothian
Llywarch Hen Calchfynydd (Llywarch the Graceful) King of Calalus (553 - )
son of Eadgils King of Mrygings in Sweden
Dwgywg King of Calalus (573 - )
son of Llywarch Hen Calchfynydd (Llywarch the Graceful) King of Calalus and Lady Morgana Le Fey daughter of
Cadrod Calchfynydd (Gideon of Rhoda/ Elidyr/Elisedd) King of Calalus by his wife Princess Wynne of Gwynedd
Gwyar (Gwair) King of Calalus (593 - )
son of Dwgywg King of Calalus
Tegid King of Calalus (612 - )
son of Gwyar King of Calalus and Lady Morgana daughter of Arthur of Dal Riata King of Gwent and Lady Lionor
Alcun King of Calalus (635 - 663)
son of Tegid King of Calalus
Sannde (Sandef/ Eagils ?) Frisian King of the Radbads (Rhodans) and Manaan (Man) aka Last King of Arthurian Calalus and Ruler of the Frisians (655 - )
son of Alcun King of Calalus and Princess Anna the daughter of Cadwallon King of Gwynedd by his wife Princess Alcfrith of Mercia
Elidyr of Rhodan Mananaan (Eadgils) Frisian King of the Radbads aka Radbad I of Frisia (673 - 719)
son of Sannde (Sandef/ Eagils ?) Frisian King of the Radbads (Rhodans) and Manaan (Man) aka Last King of Arthurian Calalus and Ruler of the Frisians 
Enkel Frisian King of the Radbads (700 - )
son of Elidyr of Rhodan Mananaan (Eadgils) Frisian King of the Radbads aka Radbad I of Frisia and Lady Celenion daughter of  Abu Aharon (Garin) of Babylon by his wife
Imma Bilhah Bat Heman (aka Mabile Ermenjart)
Elidyr II of the Manaan (730 - )
son of Enkel Frisian King and Lady Bilhah of Aquitaine daughter of Rabbi Ahunai of Palestine and Aquitaine (aka Hernaut de Beauland by his wife Lady Dode (Ita) of Aquitaine
Gwriad of the Manaan (755 - )
son of Elidyr II of the Manaan
Cadrod Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika) Ruler of Northern Calalus (795 - )
son of Gwriad of the Manaan and Lady Mynan of Calalus daughter of Prince
Yspwys II of Calalus
Ciman the Black Foot (Droed Ddu) Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika) (830 - )
son of Cadrod Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika) Ruler of Northern Calalus and Princess Atala of Rhoda and Calalus daughter of Israel I Guriat King of Calalus by his wife Princess Atala (Ethyl) of Gwynedd and Bernicia
Lord LLofan Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika) (860 - )
son of Ciman the Black Foot (Droed Ddu) Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika)
Lord Llywarch Sinclair (Synklar) (890 - )
son of Lord LLofan Sinclair (Synklar or Siksika)
Lord Iddig (Ithick) Sinclair the Diamond Lord (925 - )
son of Lord Llywarch Synklar
Lord Iddon Sinclair the Diamond Lord [Yahalom Adon] (955 - ) brother of Meurig (Mauger/ Markwart) von Eppenstein (Elfenstein/ Finkelstein)
son of Lord Iddig (Ithick) Sinclair and Lady Kerwita daughter of  Marchudd Lord of Rhos
Meurig (Mauger) of Sinclair (986 - 1040)
son of Lord Iddon Sinclair the Diamond Lord and Lady Papia of Normandy daughter of Richard I of Normandy by his wife Lady Gunnora of Denmark
Walderne Earl of StClair (1001 - 1047)
son of Meurig (Mauger) of Sinclair and Lady Germaine of Corbeil
William "the Seemly" Sinclair of Rosslin 1st Lord of Rosslin (1028 - 1078)
son of Walderne Earl of StClair and Lady Helena le Bon the daughter of Richard II Duke of Normandy by his wife Lady Judith of Brittany
Henry Sinclair of Roslin 1st Baron of Roslin The Crusader (1065 - 1110)

King Arthur and the Comet

Calalus: A Jewish Catholic State in Early Medieval America