Monday, September 17, 2007

Barbur Ha Katzin - A Swan Story


The voice of the huge white swan honked across the crystal blue Lake. Solomon felt the breath of the voice of the swan song. It was the four-fold Song of the Future that contained all ten types of song played on the 72-stringed Harp of David. The voice flowed like a river of light emitting glorious and tender sweet fragances, drawing young Solomon into its depths. The Voice of the Swan penetrated in to his inner being flooding his consciousness with extreme joy enveloped in eternal mercies. 

The words of his grandfather rose in his mind quoting to him from the holy books of the Torah. "The world is built through mercy. The breath of our nostrils is the Messiah of God"
"What is the Messiah, Grandfather?"
"The Messiah is the Divine Force of Love and Mercy, Sulieman," spoke the ancient but eternally clear voice of his grandsire. " Messiah's Spirit is embedded in the Torah and He will draw His divine breath - the very Awe of God- from it - this is the mystery of prayer - this is the mystery of the Grail and its Song - All is in the song of Joy that the Mystical Swan sings- past, present and future...The voice of Rebuke - the Voice of the Swan - is present in a unique and special way in the 36 Tzaddikim of every generation - it flows through them as a River of Life transforming all into Rinah - the joyous Song of Creation, Redemption and Sanctification."
"What are Tzaddikim, Grandfather?"
"They are the righteous ones of every generation -they uphold the World by service to the Grail - they adore the Hidden Messiah and offer him in union with the Lady who is the Glory of the Divine Will concealed in all things...".

The swan rose up and it started to transform in to a rampart Lion - at that moment Solomon was called back to himself.
"Sulieman! Sulieman! Where are you? Dreaming again?", shouted a beautiful tall black haired woman with penetrating green eyes.
"I'm here, Imma, I'm not dreaming. I'm praying."
"Never mind that now. We have news - you're going to leave this very day for Normandy to stay with our kinsman the Duke - you will be the companion of his son William."
"William the Bastard."
"Don't call him that - he is no bastard, though the world perceives him as such - no Sulieman- his mother is your aunt the Barbura Ha Alufa - the Swan Lady Chieftan of the Grail - ah my little son of the Graceful Deer - don't think about it now. Run, hurry- as soon as your father is ready....".

Solomon rushed to ready himself for the journey. He liked his uncle the Duke who was called Robert the Magnificient by his followers but Robert the Devil by his opponents. Solomon saw his uncle as truly Magnificient and was longing to see him again. Many voices whispered against Duke Robert and all the major nobler families - "They have the blood of the Devil in them - they practice foul Jewish rites in secret" the whisper ran. For over four centuries the families of Davidic descent had been slandered by the Gnostics hidden amongst the people and clergy. In every generation they spewed forth their serpentine vemon against David's seed. It did not matter that most of these families had been devout Catholics for many years now - the rumours continued.

 Solomon felt anger rise in him at these thoughts but he took a deep breath and touched his nose remembering his grandfather's words: " Anger stems from one's evil acts...Prayer converts anger into kindness and mercy...The Nose and the Face of the Messiah are the symbols of great kindness and mercy...The nostrils of the Nose are the two hearts of the two Cherubim that beat as one... the nostrils proclaim the two missions of the Messiah - the mission of Messiah son of Joseph and the mission of Messiah son of David...The Messiah will breathe the fear of God for it is the aspect of the Nose which is connected to the purity and righteousness of Messiah son of Yosef... We are the Bnei Yosef - we are the sons of the three earthly Josephs and the kinsman of Messiah son of Joseph..the Nose is the Beauty -from it flows forth Divine Justice and Mercy - Red and White - Blood and Water...".

Solomon felt his anger recede and he gathered up his gear ready for the journey to Normandy. Solomon prepared himself to say goodbye to Germany and the Swan Castle for he knew he may never see it again. He would live in the court of his uncle Robert where Solomon would be known by his Frankish name Humphrey Mari de Bohun...

Sunday, September 16, 2007

Hernaut de Gironde and the Norse Kings


Machir Todros ben Judah Zakkai was also called Aimeri de Narbonne in the French Chansons and among the genealogies of the nobility he was Duke Theodoric of Narbonne. In the French Chansons one of Machir's sons was called Hernaut de Gironde. He is also known, as were all Machir Todros' sons, by different versions of his name such as Harald Hildetand, Hilderic, Herraud and Gudrod. Gudrod may be a variant of Gironde.

Hernaut's son the new Aleph (ha Aleph) of the People of Dan was called Halfdan (HaAleph Dan). Halfdan was also known as Helgi, Oleg, Olaf, Haarik and Eirik. Ha arik is Hebrew for The Long. Halfdan married his neice Tora (Thora/Thyra) who was also know as Ragnhild. She was the daughter of Halfdan's brother-in-law Sigurd Ring. Halfdan's sister was the Princess Alfhild. Halfdan and Alfhild also had a brother Harald who married Emhilda (Em = mother in Hebrew) of Engern, sister of Widukind. Halfdan had also a daughter called Redburga and a sister called Geva (Ava/Eva/Eve). Redburga became the Queen of England as the wife of Egbert King of England. Geva married Emhilda's brother Widukind (Guido) of Saxony.

Hernaut de Gironde married Hilda the daughter of Ivar Vidfadmi, King of Lethra in Sweden. Hernaut as King Harald Hildetand succeeded Ivar as King of Lethra. His son Halfdan the Black was Margrave of Frisia and Jutland. His other son Harald was the King of Haithabu.


Alexander Agamov states: " In the 1920's there was an opinion that Rurik of Kiev is the same Rorik of Denmark (or of Friesland). That person was one of the three sons of Halvdan, koning of Jutand. Halvdan had to leave his country about 782 and then he received Frisia enfeoff from charlemagne. Rurik had part in Christening his brother Harald in Ingelheim upon Khein near Mainz (826). Harald came with his family, and maybe his family, and Rorik, were baptised. Halvdan had three sons: Harald, Rorik and Hemming...in accordance with Snorry Sturluson "Royal Sagas" (beginning of 12c), we have in Norway koning Halvdan and his wife Ragnehild, who had a son Harlad Finehairs...we have real reasons to think that Rurik of Kiev and Rorik of Jutland are the same."

That Rorik is a variant of Theodoric can be seen in that Machir Theodoric's descendants in the County of Maine were named Rorick (Rorik/ Roderick). Thus Rurik of Kiev is identified with Rorik of Jutland and Halfdan of Jutland with Halfdan of Norway. I also identify Halfdan's father Harald (Hernaut de Gironde) with Eystein of Westfold and Gudrod of Westfold. Some genealogies make Eystein and Gudrod to be brothers the sons of Halfdan the Whiteleg, King of the Uplanders. The later historians and genealogists obscured the Jewish and Davidic origins of this family just as they had in France and Germany.

In the genealogies three different names appear for Sigurd. They are Sigurd Ring of Denmark, Sigurd Hjort of Ringerike and Sigurd 'Snake -in-the-Eye' the Danish King of Lethra. Halfdan of Frisia and Jutland was also called Helgi (and its variant Oleg) and Rurik's son was also called Helgi or Oleg of Novgorod. The different variants of the names are confusing but Helgi, Oleg, Olaf and Halfdan are all variants coming from the title Ha Aleph (meaning the First or Furst as in a Prince). The other names associated with Halfdan are Haarik and and its variant Eirik. The names Hilitonn, Hilderic and Hildetand are associated with Halfdan's father Harald as the husband of Hilda. His name Harald derives fromn his French name Hernaut and its variant is Herraud. A similar example is of Machir's brother Gershom. Gershom's name in the French Chansons is Girart de Vienne and variants of this name include Gerard, Geraud and Gerald.

HERNAUT - HERRAUD - HARALD - HAROLD
GIRART - GERAUD - GERALD - GEROLD

Hernaut was referred to by the Gentiles as Herod, just as they called the Nasi Bernard - Bernard Naso. Red hair is a characteristic of the tribe of Judah and the Davidic House. Machir Todros and his son Hernaut (Harald) had red hair. Red hair is to be found in numerous Royal and Aristocratic families. Red hair was seen as a sign of Jewish ancestry in the Middle Ages in Europe.


The Anglo Saxon Kings of England were also closely linked with the Exilarch Family of Machir. King Egbert a descendant of Machir married Redburga, the daughter (or granddaughter) of Hernaut de Gironde. Their son Athelwulf married Osburga the daughter of Aslaug (Asa/Aslatus) and Ragnvald (or Ragner). Ragner was the son of Halfdan and Tora. Aslaug was the daughter of Sigurd Ring and Alfhild. Alfhild was the daughter of Hernaut de Gironde and Hilda. Sigurd Ring was the son of Randver of Hesbaye. Randver (Berenger) was the son of Sigrand of Hesbaye and his wife Landree the sister of Princess Aude of Franks. Sigurd Ring was thus from the Jewish Christian Bishops who were guardians of the grail. King Canute of England was from the Grail line descended from Lancelot and Perceval (through his daughter)as well, while William the Conqueror was of the Royal House of King David through Machir. William I the Conqueror was on the direct male line descended from Harald King of Haithabu son of Hernaut de Gironde.


Hernaut de Gironde's wife Hilda was the daughter of Ivar the Wide Fathom and Eirica (Eirikur) the daughter of Sigrand (Ingram/ Agnar) of Hesbaye. Halfdan the Black's wife Tora was according to Rabbinic law Jewish. Her name is after the Torah of Moses. Tora was the daughter of Alfhild, who was the daughter of Hilda (also called Alfhild), who was the daughter of Eirica of Hesbaye, who was the daughter of Landree of Franks, who was the daughter of Ruth (Rutrud) who was the daughter of Ruth and Levi (Leivin) of Hesbaye.

By Halakah Halfdan and Tora's children are Jewish. Thus Rurik the founder of the Russian State was by Rabbinic Law - Jewish. His brother Harald the Fair Haired King of Norway was also Jewish, as was his wife Schwanhilde. Schwanhilde was the daughter of Aserida (Asa) who was the daughter of Asalaug (Asa) sister of Tora. Harald the Fair Haired King of Norway's grandson Harald II Greypelt King of Norway was also Jewish by Halakah. His mother was Gunhild who was the daughter of Tora (wife of Gorm the Old), who was the daughter of Ragnhildis (wife of Harald Klak King of Jutland), who was the daughter of Aslaug (Asa) the sister of Tora Siggurddtr (wife of Halfdan the Black).

Harald the Fair Haired was baptised in 826 and some believed Rurik was baptised with him. Hernaut de Gironde (Harald Hildetand) was defeated in a sea battle with his son-in -law Sigurd Ring at Bravik in 770. Hernaut was killed in this battle.

"However, King Yngvarr's grandson, King Ingiald 'Ill-Ruler', was last of the peace Kings of Uppsala, whence he was driven towards the close of the seventh century by a Skioldung royalty from Skane, the famous Ivar 'Wide-Fathom'...For King Ivar 'Wide Fathom" was'Woden-born', being also king at hallowed Lethra where there is a sacred stone circle on the Danish island of Sjaelland..." (Sir Iaian Moncrieffe: 'Royal Highness; The ancestry of the Royal child")

Hebrew Christians and Crypto Jewish Connections

The Introduction


Father Elias Friedman, founder of the Association of Hebrew Catholics, in accord with Pope John XXIII and Vatican II stressed the reading of the 'Signs of the Times'. One of the 'Signs of the Times' emphasised by Father Elias is the 'Apostasy of the Gentiles'. This sign was also stressed by the Ratisbonne brothers in the 19th century. Already in the 19th century a major apostasy of the once-Christian nations was well under way. Another of the 'Signs of the Times' was to be the conversion or 'Ingrafting' of the Jews. The 18th and 19th centuries saw thousands of Jews becoming Christians and the Frankist Jews also entered the Church as a group under their leader Jacob Leibowitz Frank.

The end of the 18th century saw the terrors of the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Catholic Church was under severe persecution and the Pope imprisoned. Many saw Napoleon as an Anti-Christ and they feared that the last days were upon the world. There was great interest in prophecies especially those found in the Bible. Many Jews believed the Messiah would soon appear and many Christians thought that the Second Coming of the Messiah was near. Joseph Wolff a famous Jewish convert to Christianity taught along with others that a period of 2,300 years were due to end in the 1840's. Joseph Wolff believed that the world may see the second advent of the Messiah Jesus in this period around 1847.

In fact the 1840's did see the end of an era and the beginning of a new era. This era was the new Marian Age and was ushered in with the appearing of the Mother of God to Alphonse Ratisbonne a Jew in 1842, to the children of La Salette in September 1846 and to St Bemadette in 1858. An era of unprecedented visits of the Virgin Mary began and a new outpouring of the Holy Spirit and miracles of healing started to commence. Mary (Miriam ha Kadosha) came as the Queen of Prophets to prepare the world for the times of tribulation that would precede a Eucharistic era of peace for the world. The Catholic Church officially began this Marian Age in 1854 with the proclamation of the dogma that Mary was immaculately conceived. 

This era would see a great revival of devotion to the Sacred and Immaculate Hearts. This Marian Age would conclude with the ingrafting of the Jewish people in to the Catholic Church by means of a Marian and Eucharistic miracle. Just as Alphonse Ratisbonne had been miraculously converted by Our Lady of the Miracle so the whole Jewish people would be converted by a miracle and the Jews would become Catholics without ceasing to be Jews as mentioned by some of the Catholic seers and prophets. In order to prepare for the Ingrafting the Holy Spirit had much work to do. The Spirit was preparing the Church so that the Jewish people could enter the Church as a people and not be assimilated and lose their identity as the People of the Election.

At the heart of both Jewish and Catholic spirituality and mysticism is the concept of the Divine Presence (Shekinah) perceived as the Divine Heart. The Jewish adorers of the Divine Heart were known as the Kabbalah mystics or Chaverim (Friends/Comrades). In Eastern and Central Europe a secret society of these Jewish Chaverim formed the Society of the Nistarim. This article attempts to look at the influence of these elements in the modern history of the Church.

Joseph Wolff


The story of Joseph Wolff and Sir Henry Drummond is a very interesting one connected with the Irvingites and the Catholic Apostolic Church. This story is also connected to the Frankists and Cardinal Henry Stuart (York) and the Jacobites. Joseph Wolff was the son of Rabbi David Wolff and Sarah Lipchowitz of Bavaria. He was bom in Bavaria in 1795. He was to play an interesting role in the genesis of the Hebrew Christian movement. He was reared as an Orthodox Jew and became a Hebrew Catholic and then a Hebrew Christian evangelist and an Anglican priest. He was greatly influenced from a young age by the life of St Francis Xavier and his Jesuit imitators. His mother was of Frankist background being a granddaughter of Jacob Frank. His education in mainly Jesuit schools was secretly financed by Frankist Jews. 

The Frankists in turn were secretly suppported by Cardinal York (Henry Stuart) and a group of Jesuits. In 1812 with the encouragement of the Frankists Joseph was baptised as a Catholic at the age of 17. He then went to Rome to further his studies. Joseph Wolff was a Jewish wonder child and through his father he was descended from Sabbatai Zvi or Tzvi (Zvi = wolf Tzvi=deer). Sabbatai Tzvi's followers saw him in a messianic light as the Sabbath Deer and his enemies as the Wolf of Saturn (Shabtai Zevi).

The Nistarim

The genesis of our story starts with the founding of the secret society of the Nistarim (the Hidden Ones) by Rabbi Elijah Baal Shem to preserve the teachings of Rabbi Abraham Abulafia and the Zohar. These teachings were brought out of Spain by Rabbi Elijah's father Rabbi Joseph Jospa at the time of the expulsion in 1492. Rabbi Joseph Jospa settled in Krakow Poland. Rabbi Elijah was bom in Krakow in 1537. He was also a Jewish wonder child. After his Bar Mitzvah his father died and he disappeared from view for the next 40 years. 

Rabbi Elijah spent his time praying and learning, and travelling around the world, including the New World, like the prophet Elijah disguised as a donkey driver. In 1590 he suddenly appeared openly as a healer and miracle worker in Worms. He founded the Society of the Nistarim to preserve the ancient mystical teachings. He wrote a booklet called 'Toledot Adam' ('The Generations of Adam') which contained mystical healing remedies. It describes a Kabbalistic practice involving mystical squares and the seven seals of God. In a tradition coming from Rabbi Abraham Abulafia he attained the level or experience of Ruach ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit) and through this experience he received the healing power through the name of Mashiach ben Joseph (Messiah son of Joseph). He taught the idea that Mashiach ben Joseph is present spiritually in every generation. There was a potential portion of Mashiach ben Joseph within each person that could be released by Ruach ha Kodesh and manifested in righteousness (Tzedekah). This teaching was not unique to Rabbi Elijah Baal Shem but comes from the teachings of Rabbi Abraham Abulafia. Abulafia had taught that this experience of the Holy Spirit could be received by Jew or Gentile, man or woman. Rabbi Elijah lived until he was 116 years old and the Society of the Nistarim was led by one of his followers Rabbi Joel Baal Shem Tov after his death.

Adam Baal Shem Tov was according to Hasidic tradition the third leader of the Society of the Nistarim in Eastern Europe. He is a mysterious figure. He remained largely unknown outside the mystical circles. He is the first prominent Jewish figure to bear the name of Adam in this period. He was the secret son of Sabbatai Tzvi (1626-1676) the famous false Messianic figure of the 17th century. His identity was a closely guarded secret due to the negative attitude of the Jewish and non Jewish leaders in regard to the followers of Sabbatai Tzvi. Sabbatai Tzvi's mother was the daughter or granddaughter of Rabbi Elijah Baal Shem the founder of the Nistarim.

The Adamites

One of Rabbi Elijah Baal Shem's disciples took the ‘Toledot Adam' and the Society of the Nistarim to England. From this arose a Puritan group called the Adamites. Like Rabbi Elijah they believed a new era had begun leading to a messianic era of peace. The Adamites, in England, in the 17th century were mystics who wished to return to the state of Adam and Eve in Paradise. They went naked in their rituals and meditated nude. Some of their followers caused disturbances and no doubt amusement when insisting on walking naked in public. When Sabbatai Tzvi rose to prominence some of the Adamites traveled to join him. He mated with Eva the daughter of the chief Adamite leader. Their child was named Adam in honour of the new era and of the sect of his mother - the Adamites. Due to this sect Adam became a popular name in England and Scotland at this time.

Unfortunately Rabbi Elijah's teachings were distorted by some of these followers and by his grandson Sabbatai Tzvi who was mislead by his Adamite disciples. The Adamites remained popular in central Europe and were present in the Austrian Empire in the mid 19th century. Their teachings were also found among the secret followers of Sabbatai Tzvi among the Muslim mystical sects. Joseph Wolff, who was known as the English Dervish among the Muslims, often got out of dangerous situations by stripping naked and walking away in accord with the Adamite tradition.

The Three Adams

Adam Baal Shem Tov at first avoided his father's Kabbalistic teachings. Meanwhile the Society of the Nistarim was lead by Rabbi Joel Baal Shem Tov the successor of Rabbi Elijah. When Adam reached the age of 33 he visited Rabbi Joel and remained with him. Adam was seen by many of the secret followers of Sabbatai as their Tzaddik. Adam sent his son Adam (Noah ben Adam) to England to lead the Nistarim there. He took the name of Adam Wolfson which became Adam Wilson in Scotland. The Nistarim believed that Mashiach ben Joseph would have the soul of Adam Kadmon – and thus the significance at this time of the name Adam. They expected the Mashiach to come forth from this lineage descended from Sabbatai Tzvi. In England Adam Wolfson married Elizabeth Ferdinando the granddaughter of Joseph Lombroso's son. Adam and Elizabeth later went to Scotland. The eldest son of this marriage was named Adam Wilson in the expectation that he could be the Promised One. Adam was seen as the potential (or representative of) Mashiach ben Joseph (Messiah son of Joseph) in their generation.

Adam Wilson of Scotland

Adam Wilson, son of Adam Wolfson, was involved with influencing the early Scottish Freemasons. Sabbatai Tzvi had undergone conversion to Islam in order to save his life and reunite the lost sparks of truth in Islam. His other followers in the Christian world often assumed the outward sign of conversion to Christianity while maintaining their secret Kabbalistic and Jewish traditions. Some of them were the crypto Jews of Scotland. After attaining his experience of Ruach ha Kodesh (the Holy Spirit) Adam Wilson was to lead the secret Scottish branch of the Nistarim. Adam Wilson was also a supporter of the Stuart Dynasty and a Jacobite. Adam Wilson was a friend and associate of Lord Kilmarnock the 4th Earl of Kilmarnock who was executed in 1746 after the last Jacobite rebellion. Lord Kilmarnock became the Grand Master of Scottish Freemasonry in 1742. Lord Kilmamock's son the Earl of Erroll changed the family surname from Boyd to Hay. Adam Wilson's first wife was Jannet Or (or=light in Hebrew). His second wife was Jannet Taylour. Both wives were of Jewish origin.

After 1716 some of the Wilsons went with James Wilson (son of Adam)and other Jacobites to Czarist Russia and the Wilsons became high officials and generals in Russia. Their Jewish origins were a closely guarded secret. A descendant of Adam Wilson was John Wilson founder of the British Israel Movement who was born in 1788 the son of John Wilson (b.1759) of Kilmarnock, Ayr, the grandson of Adam Wilson. John Wilson was a friend of the Anglican Bishop Solomon Alexander of Jerusalem, a Hebrew Christian. Bishop Alexander was a former Jewish Rabbi bom in Poland (the son of a Rabbi from England) and he was ordained by George Murray, Bishop of Rochester; Bishop Blomfield of London and Bishop Selwyn of New Zealand.

The Polish Connection


Daniel Leiwowicz or Leibowitz was a follower of a secret Jewish group that followed the teachings of Sabbatai Tzvi. Daniel's daughter married in to the Sobieski family —she converted to Catholicism and was thus a Hebrew Catholic. Daniel's grandnephew Judah Leibowitz was the famous Jacob Leibowitz Frank. Jacob Frank and his followers dialogued with the Polish Catholics who had the support of the half Polish Cardinal York in Rome. 

Cardinal York was the brother of Bonnie Prince Charlie. King John Sobieski's son Prince James Lewis Sobieski was the grandfather of Cardinal York and he was a secret follower of Sabbatai Tzvi's teachings. Prince James Lewis Sobieski left his Polish wealth to his Stuart grandson Cardinal York. Cardinal York was known as King Henry IX of England to the Jacobites and was recognised as such by the Pope and several Catholic nations.



Jacob Frank

Jacob Frank and the Frankists have been slandered by history through their enemies in the Jewish and Catholic religions. His father Judah Leibowitz was a member of a group that followed the teaching of Sabbatai Tzvi. Jacob Frank first studied the Mystical Traditions of Judaism from the Sabbatian and Lurianic perspective but later became more centred on the Zohar and the pre Lurianic Mystical Traditions of Judaism. This was to lead him to the truths of the Catholic Faith which he called 'the way of Esau' in accord with Rabbinic tradition. 

Many have accused Frank of being ignorant of Talmud and tradition but his letters and the letters of his followers show in depth knowledge of the Talmud and the whole Rabbinic tradition. Frank's sayings have been misunderstood by those who do not refer them back to the mysticism of the Zohar. He and his followers were accused of sexual depravity because of the deep 'theology of the body' that Frank taught. Many rabbis and scholars and others from devout Jewish families either openly or secretly followed his teachings.

The Jesuits who were the brains of the Church in this period understood Frank and his ideas and they were his supporters. Unfortunately the Jesuits themselves were under attack by many negative forces in the Catholic world and were suppressed in 1773 however they continued to exist in the Russian Empire as the Czar refused to allow the Jesuit's suppression in his territory and they continued their work in the Russian provinces of Poland. They were later restored by the Church in 1812. 

Jacob Frank and his followers were baptized in their thousands in a mass ceremony in Lvov Poland (now in the Ukraine)in 1759. Due to the slanders by enemies in the Church he was imprisoned at Czestochowa for 13 years. Jacob Frank took the name Joseph at his baptism proclaiming him as the special Jewish representative of Messiah son of Joseph of this generation. 

One tradition states that while the Baal Shem Tov and some other Hasidim opposed Frank publicly, in secret they respected his great sanctity and knowledge. Like the Baal Shem Tov, Frank disliked the dry intellectualism of the Judaism of his day and he championed the common man's spirituality. His spirituality was down to earth and practical, similar to what Catholics later would call Opus Dei (the Work of God). Rebbe Nachman of Breslov also taught much in common with Frank. In fact Rebbe Nachman's granddaughter Feiga (daughter of Udel) married Gershon Yehuda Leib Brody (Broida) a Catholic grandson of the Alter Rebbe.

Jacob Frank saw him self in the role of a new Jeremiah called to knock down and destroy, and then to build and to plant. He was a trail blazer whose work would bear fruit in the future. He foresaw the destruction of European Jewry and saw that their salvation lay with the Catholic Church who in accord with Rabbinic tradition he called Esau or Edom. The Virgin of the Zohar the Matronita would lead them to become nothing -to die to Rabbinic Judaism and rise to Messianic freedom in the Catholic faith. He saw a future pure and humble Universal Messianic Religion that would come forth from the present Catholic Church. He saw a great Ecumenical Church that would through the Virgin's leading usher in a universal era of peace where the hidden mysticism of the Zohar would be fully understood and deepened as the Torah of Atzilut ( Torah of Atik). 

Frank saw the barriers and rules of present religions as obstacles between people. He came under Divine Guidance to nullify or to become as nothing which was a entering into the highest level of Keter (Crown) - the realm of entering in to the Divine Will. Frank looked to the earth and salvation history (the world of man and the person) to see God at Work rather than looking to the heaven which is veiled even for great mystics. His was a down to earth and practical spirituality that sanctified man's works. 

He foresaw that Poland would be the place that would prepare for the coming universal transformation (by the Divine Will) of the earth in the coming Messianic Era of Peace. He saw Poland as a place to be in the turn of 'night' before the great era of light that was coming. He foresaw a Slavic or Polish Pope who would draw on the insights that his follower's descendants in Poland would spread in spiritual and mystical circles among the common people. He also foresaw a great role for the Jews and for the French in this coming time. He foresaw a united Catholic Europe under a Great Catholic Monarch called Messiah ben Ephraim (or Messiah ben Joseph) a Catholic descendant of King David and a descendant of the Stuart Kings. He foresaw the coming a Great French Pope and saw the French return to their position as the eldest daughter of the Church. 

He also foresaw the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in bringing about the unity of East and West. He sought to dialogue with the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Czar who visited him. He foresaw the destruction that Russia and the Muslims would inflict before the Virgin would lead them into the bosom of the new and purified universal Church. He tried to dialogue with the Muslims involved in mystical circles that had much in common with the Frankist mystics. He perceived that all laws and rules that separate people and divide them must be caste down and that not only Jews had to be saved but all mankind. The man-made social institutions had to be caste down because they stand in the way of universal salvation. 

Jacob sensed that he and his followers (Haverim/ Friends) had to go like Jesus to all people even to the lowest in this time when mankind was at its worst. They must like the Messiah become all things to all men. One has to descend (become nothing and totally die to self - to be annihilated or nullified) before one can ascend. This is dangerous because evil is similar to good - it imitates the good and perverts the goodness to the evil side. This is the mystery of Jacob's Ladder. 

Frank saw himself as a New Jacob who must descend to the abyss of nothing at the bottom of the ladder in order to redeem the one caught in the grip of the evil side. He further saw the role of himself and his followers as New Jacobs who were called to totally die to self (even to being Jews) through baptism in order to unite with their brother Esau/Edom (Rome). The Tanakh (Old Testament) foresaw that the Messiah was to come from Edom (Seir or Esau) in certain prophecies and the Rabbinic tradition spoke of the Messiah dwelling among the poor Gentiles on the outskirts of Rome. 

Frank also developed a deep mystical 'theology of the body' based on the teachings of the Zohar. It was earthy and sexual while being mystical at the same time. His enemies and even some of his Frankists misunderstood these teaching and distorted and misrepresented them. Some of his followers took these teachings into an occult direction such as his relative Moses Debuchka. Frank also correctly perceived that the Catholic Church (Esau /Rome) of his time was not fully ready for his insights so that he and his followers must practice 'holy silence' outside the Frankist's circles. Through their silence they must become a Jewish leaven in Catholicism from which in the fullness of time would emerge 'holy knowledge' (Daat) hidden within the Zohar which would be universalized for the benefit and enlightenment of all.

Frank also realized that while they must join the nations of the Catholic Church they still needed to retain their Jewish identity in some form. In order to attain the mystical goals of the Frankists they may for a time have to move freely not bound by the strictures of Orthodox Jewish rules and traditions. As Paul felt free to be a Jew to the Jew and as one under the Torah to those under the Torah for the sake of the Gospel, the Frankists felt able to be Gentiles to the Gentiles for the sake of the Mystical traditions. 

Their acceptance of baptism and Jesus as the Messiah allowed them this freedom in the Messiah. They saw that by entering into the Messiah they would now observe Torah at the mystical levels of the Torah of Beriyah and in the future at the level of the Torah of Atzilut. In order to fulfill their mission as New Jacobs they must go on the 'way to Esau' (also known as the way to Emmaus) which was conversion to the Roman Catholic Church. Esau (Rome) belonged to the Good God where the power of death is made nought by the Resurrection and it is the dwelling place of 'the Virgin' (Matronita or the Maiden) who is the mystical Rachel ( The Church and Mary in her role as Mother of the Church). 

Frank taught that to the Virgin "all the King's weapons are surrendered" [i.e. Mediatrix of all Graces]. The Virgin is the much sought after Wisdom or Sophia. She is destined to be the victor over Death (Satan) and to be as the Zohar calls her ‘the Ark of the Covenant, Sovereign of all the Earth’. Until this time she is concealed in a Castle (the Church). This is the Woman in the Wilderness in the 12th chapter of the Apocalypse. She is the feminine aspect of Shekinah that went into Exile with Adam and Eve. 

The place of Esau symbolizes the nullification and dwelling in the Divine Will which is the home of the Virgin who dwells in the Divine Will (Keter) at the level of Gulgalta (Golgotha). Mary in Eternity dwells at the foot of the Cross at Golgotha totally united with the Divine Will. This is a hidden light that will be revealed to believers when these mystical insights about the Virgin will start to bear fruit. 

Frank saw that the time for this had not come but that a New Eve and virgin in the spirit of Eve before the fall and in the spirit of Mary would come to open this future Era of Blessing, Peace and Holiness that would lead to Revival of the Dead. He named his daughter Eve in the hope that it could be her that would be this New Eve of the future. He foresaw that a virgin of Esau (Rome) would lead the way to this Era of Holiness and the fulfillment of the Jewish mystical traditions.

Thus the Frankists had a liberated view of the role of woman and woman played an important role in their movement. They were prophets and mystics of great respect and Frank's daughter Eve was leader of the group after his death. Frank was a Hebrew Catholic Rebbe or Tzaddik and his daughter was a female Tzaddik. Like the Hasidic Rebbes they maintained a court. They saw that returning to Eden before the Fall reversed the curse that divided the sexes. They were new Adam's and the new Eve's - the Lords of Creation. 

The Virgin was seen by Frank as one of the Cherubim/Seraphim who guarded the Garden of Eden. She was the Queen of the Cherubim and Seraphim. Satan or Samael had once been Lucifer, the Ruler of the Cherubim and Seraphim. The Seraphim were holy fiery Serpents and thus Satan took the form of a fallen Serpent or Seraphim. Jesus is symbolized by the Bronze Serpent (a Seraph) on the Cross or Pole in the Book of Numbers. The Two Cherubim of the Garden are the two Cherubim of the Ark of the Covenant - they are Jesus and Mary in Eternity as Metatron and Matronita, the male and female aspects of Shekinah. Entry back to Eden (Paradise/ pardis/ bliss) is through these two Cherubic Hearts. The Frankists wanted to return to the conditions of Paradise where man was naked before God. Some Frankists like the Adamites took this literally and prayed and meditated naked causing scandal to others.

The Frankists had great devotion to this female (the Virgin) in the Zohar and they obeyed the Zoharic command to sing praises to this Woman who is the Ultimate Eve or Mother of the Living. That the Frankists allowed women and men to join these praises together caused misunderstanding and slander from other Jews. The Frankists saw that men and woman were restored to an Edenic relationship and thus the curses of Genesis were lifted through the triumph of the Virgin Daughter of Zion and her Seed the Messiah.

 In order to achieve the nakedness of soul that man had in Eden one must follow the Torah at the mystical level as revealed in Zohar. The Zohar reveals this level of Torah was offered to Israel at Sinai where they had a taste of seeing the Divine Mysteries clearly as a Sea parting in the Heavens just as the prophetess Miriam had. However Israel sinned with the Golden Calf and they had to be content with the lower level of understanding Torah that took in to account their need for rituals regarding forgiveness of sin and purity. The Frankists saw that baptism was a path leading back to this higher level of understanding Torah. Frank's aim was to lead his followers 'towards Life'. That Life was Messiah Jesus and his Virgin Mother, who allow the Jews (Frankists) to return to Edenic purity and enter the Garden of the Two Cherubim, where the Tree of Life is. There are no laws only love when one attains this total self-nullification and union with the Divine Will of the Good God. Jacob Frank wanted to unite Jacob, Esau and Ishmael (Jews, Christians and Muslims). The only way to do this was through the Virgin (Matronita) who was totally one with the Divine Will (her will was united to the Divine Will). "Frank's ultimate vision of the future was based upon the still unrevealed laws of the Torah ofAtzilut which he promised his disciples". They would take effect once they had come to Esau (Rome), when they had died to self and had been totally nullified through baptism. The level of the Messiah is the level of Keter/Ratzon (Divine Crown and Will) which is the stage of total self nullification to the Divine Will. This is the level of the Torah of the Hidden Ancient One (Torah of Atik or Atzilut). Joseph Wolff was later to be influenced by these Frankist teachings.

The Frankists and Cardinal York


Cardinal York was at the centre of the movements of the Jacobites and the Frankists. He encouraged the Polish Bishop who accepted Jacob Frank and his followers in to the Catholic Church. The Frankists were misunderstood and slandered by many inside and outside the Church. The Frankists believed that it would only be by joining Rome that the true mystical message of the Jewish people would become universal. They had a vision of being a Jewish leaven in Catholicism, which would move the Church Universal in a more mystical and spiritual direction. They wished to renew the Church on its early Jewish foundations leading to a 'new' Church of all people in an era of peace. Jacob Frank appointed 12 apostles to continue this work within the Church. He saw the importance of the Frankist Jews remaining as a group entity within the Church to preserve the election of Israel in the Church. The Frankists encountered much hostility and misunderstanding and distortion of their teachings. 

A group of Jesuits, along with Cardinal York, sought to protect the Frankists. Cardinal York's relationship to the family of Jacob Frank was concealed. Cardinal York spent most of his inherited fortune on protecting and supporting the papacy and the Frankists. Cardinal York's patron saint was the Jesuit St. Francis Xavier and his group of followers, including Father Manuel Lacunza (a Chilean Marrano Jesuit priest),were devotees of the spirituality of Francis Xavier.

A Survival Plan

In Cardinal York's last years he saw the rise of Napoleon and the near destruction of the Church and Papacy. He decided on a plan to preserve the Church in a far away Protestant Britain - his true kingdom. He ordained his great-grandson Sir Henry Drummond as a secret deacon, priest and bishop and appointed him as a secret apostle to Britain with the urging of his granddaughter Lady Anne Strange (nee. Dundas). Lady Anne was Henry Drummond's mother. 

Cardinal York reestablished good relations with his Hanoverian cousins in England recognising George III and his heirs as his successors. Cardinal York was especially close to George the Prince Regent (later George IV) who had a secret Catholic wife Maria Fitzherbert whose maternal grandmother Maria Levery was a crypto Jewess. Jacob Frank's granddaughter Sarah Lipochowitz, by his daughter Esther Matrona Frank (Franconia), was the mother of Joseph Wolff a 7 year old Jewish wonder child. His father Rabbi David Wolff was also a son of Ruth Dinah Frank (Franconia) another daughter of Jacob Frank.  Henry Stuart (Cardinal York) through his network of Frankists and Jesuits insured that Joseph had a good Jesuit education and that he was introduced to the life of Francis Xavier. Joseph at the age of 11 decided he wanted to be a great evangelist like Francis Xavier. Joseph's father was Rabbi David Wolff of Bavaria.

At the age of 17 Joseph Wolff under the influence of the Frankists was baptised in 1812 as a Catholic and he was sent to Rome to further his studies under Jesuit direction. He was now a Hebrew Catholic. In Rome he studied with the Jesuit disciples of Ribera and Lacunza. He also taught Hebrew to Giovanni Ferretti (later Pope Pius IX) and had many debates with him and others about such subjects as Papal Infallibility. Jacob Frank had learnt much amongst the 'Muslim' followers ofSabbatai Tzvi and Joseph Wolff later also moved among these circles where he was known as the English Dervish. On a number of occasions Joseph would strip naked and walk out of difficult situations as mentioned above. The Muslims recognised this as a custom among 'mystical holy men'.

Off to England


A merchant trader reported to Sir Henry Drummond the activities of the young Joseph Wolff in Rome. Sir Henry purchased an estate called 'Albury Park' in 1819 and he renovated it (he later built a new Anglican Church and an Apostolic Church in the area). Sir Henry travelled to Rome to speak with Joseph Wolff and to invite him to England to continue his studies under his patronage. In 1819 Joseph came to England. He met Robert Haldane in Paris on the way. Joseph began his University studies at Cambridge under the great orientalist Professor Samuel Lee and he also studied under Charles Simeon. Joseph Wolff was eventually appointed as an evangelist with the London Jew's Society. Sir Henry Drummond and Lewis Way were his supporters on the board of this Society. We must take note that at this time it was still an open question about the validity of Anglican Orders and many considered the Anglicans a valid branch of the Church similar to the Eastern Orthodox.

Sir Henry Drummond was the son of Henry Drummond of the Grange and Lady Anne Dundas, the daughter of Lord Melville and Henry Stuart's Jewish daughter Elizabeth Rennie. Henry Stuart in his younger years had a Jewish mistress Reyna (Rennie) Barzillai of Venice whom he married in a secret Jewish ceremony. His son Jacob took the name of Henry's paternal grandmother Mary of Modena and was known as Jacob Modin and later in England as James Maiden. He was also called David Rennie like his father. His daughter Elizabeth took the name of Elizabeth Rennie after her mother. Henry Stuart and Reyna Barzillai were known as David and Rennie Modin in Jewish and crypto Jewish circles. Henry later became more devoutly Catholic and ended his intimate relationship with Rennie and entered the clerical state. Their daughter Elizabeth Rennie married Lord Melville and they were the parents of Lady Anne Dundas who married the Jacobite banker Henry Drummond of 'The Grange' and she secondly married James Strange an illegitimate son of John, 3rd Duke of Atholl.

After the death of Sir Henry Drummond's father when he was a boy his mother Lady Anne Drummond leased 'The Grange' to George Prince of Wales from 1795-1800. Lady Anne remarried in 1798 to James Strange the illegitimate half-brother of Lord Henry Murray. They also spent time in India. In 1804-5 Henry had 'The Grange' entirely renovated and it became a centre for the secret movement of Sir Henry Drummond and his mother Lady Anne Strange. George IV and Maria Fitzherbert were also involved in this movement. 

This movement was strongly influenced by crypto Jewish elements and the new British Israel (or Anglo-Israel) movement. The Catholic Apostolic movement was later based at Albury Park. Sir Henry Drummond's wife Lady Henrietta Hay-Drummond was the sister of Lady Sarah Maria Hay-Drummond wife of George Murray, Bishop of Rochester, nephew of Lord Henry Murray and John 4th Earl of Atholl.

The Movement

Before 1835 the Catholic apostolic movement of Drummond was a hidden movement led by secret apostles. This movement was ecumenical, evangelical, charismatic, and sacramental and drew heavily on Biblical and Jewish roots. The post 1835 Catholic Apostolic Church was a more open movement which started to move in its own direction under its openly appointed Apostles. Many of the original members of the pre 1835 group remained loyal members of the Anglican Church and their other respective
denominations. This movement was a forerunner of the Convergence Movement in the late 20th century that has led to the formation of the Charismatic Episcopal Church which is growing at a phenomenal rate at the present time.

Joseph Wolff and Sir Henry Drummond and their associates envisioned the Anglican, Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches as branches of the one Catholic Apostolic Church. They believed that all the baptised who adhered to the ancient creeds belonged mystically to the one Body of Christ. They taught the continuance of the charismatic gifts using Francis Xavier as their model. As the Frankists had influenced the Roman Catholic Church - it was hoped that the Anglican Church (Church of England) could also be influenced in a more spiritual direction. Some of the early secret pre-1835 Apostles of the movement included Lewis Way, Edward Irving, Joseph Wolff, Robert Haldane, Lord Orford, Samuel Lee, Charles and George Simeon, Sir James Bartram, Lord Sefton and Samuel Lewis (illegitimate son of George, Prince of Wales). Their secret patron was George Prince of Wales. Later in the new developments of the movement after 1835 as the Catholic Apostolic Church, which many of the secret apostles did not fully agree with. Henry Drummond was openly made the Bishop or Angel of Scotland for the Catholic Apostolic Church.

Most of the early leaders of the movement were of crypto Jewish ancestry connected with the secret Scottish branch of the Society of the Nistarim (Hidden Ones). Recent DNA testing has confirmed the existence of Jewish ancestry (both Ashkenazi and Sephardi) among these Scottish families. The early Scottish rite Freemasons were a development of the Nistarim and Templar movements in Scotland and they were mainly Jacobites and pro-Catholic. However anti-Jacobite and anti-Catholic elements seized control of Freemasonry sometime after 1745 (some believe in 1776) and turned Freemasonry in to a more occult and revolutionary direction at odds with Christian beliefs. The Drummond family were a Nistarim family through their connections with the Hay family.

The Catholic Apostolic Church of Drummond practiced exposition of the Blessed Sacrament which they called Proposition. This custom was especially strong among the early pre 1835 movement drawing on the Eucharistic Adoration movement of the Roman Catholic Church which was strong at this time in Catholic Europe. Joseph Wolff was familiar with this practice in Bavaria in his childhood and also in Rome. The aristocratic and gentry families connected with this early movement practiced Adoration of the Sacrament in their private chapels in their homes. They also had a devotion for the Blessed Virgin Mary influenced by the Catholic and Orthodox devotion to Mary growing at this time.


In the 1820's James Haldane Stewart promoted an ecumenical prayer movement for an outpouring of the Holy Spirit in England. Sir Henry Drummond's father's cousin Spencer Perceval was also involved in the movement. He was the only British Prime Minister to be assassinated. Spencer Perceval was the son of John Perceval, 2nd Earl ofEgmont by his wife Catherine Compton, Baroness Arden. Baroness Arden's sister Elizabeth Compton was the wife of Henry Drummond the grandfather of Sir Henry Drummond.

In the 1860's a prophecy was given that no new apostles of the Catholic Apostolic Church should be appointed. A break away group in Germany disagreed and formed the New Apostolic Church. The last of the Catholic Apostolic Church's apostles Francis Woodhouse (who had been appointed the apostle of America) died in 1901- the year the Pentecostal movement broke out in America. The last Catholic Apostolic priest died in 1971 at a time when the Charismatic movement was sweeping the Roman Catholic Church. The Catholic Apostolic movement of Drummond, Irving and Wolff bore fruit in hidden ways. It influenced the Evangelical Movement and the Anglo-Catholic movement and was the forerunner of the Charismatic movement. Even the Seventh Day Adventists looked to Joseph Wolff as one of their forerunners. Cardinal Newman came from this evangelical background and became a leader in the Anglo-Catholic movement within the Anglican Church. After Newman's conversion to the Roman Catholic Church his ideas strongly influenced the Catholic Church especially in the teachings of Vatican II.

Hebrew Christians


The Christian Zionist movement, the Hebrew Christian movement and its development into the Messianic Jewish movement, all trace their origins to Albury Park and the teachings and missions of Joseph Wolff. The Albury Park meetings were from the beginning ecumenical and they hoped to be a leaven in all churches of apostolic faith to bring them back to apostolic simplicity and purity of the early Church. They also taught appreciation for the Jewish roots of the Church. They sought to revive the charismatic gifts as had Francis Xavier in his time. The movement of the Catholic Apostolic Church was distorted by a too heavy emphasis on the messages of prophets. However it was a seed sowing for many interesting movements that would converge in the 20th and 21st centuries.


The Ratisbonne brothers were the forerunners in the 19th century for the later Hebrew Catholic movement. In 1979 Father Elias Friedman and Andrew Sholl were to begin the formation of the Association of Hebrew Catholics in the English speaking world in seeking to maintain the Israelite election factor within the Church. The Hebrew Catholic Movement is also strong in the French speaking world and the Hebrew Catholics of Israel are influenced by these French Hebrew Catholics. Cardinal Lustiger of Paris is a strong Hebrew Catholic and recently the Pope appointed a Hebrew Catholic Bishop for the Hebrew speaking Catholics of Israel- Bishop Gourion who converted as a young man to Catholicism from Judaism. Recently a Hebrew Catholic movement has arisen in the Spanish speaking world led by the Hebrew Catholic Rabbi Richard Gamboa and this movement is spreading to many Latin American countries where many are of Marrano descent. 

There is also a strong movement among the Russian Orthodox Church of Jewish intellectuals converting to the Church especially in the 1960's and 1980's. These Russian Orthodox Christian Jews have started to deepen their understanding of their Jewish Identity within the Church. Judith Deutsch Kornblatt has written a book discussing this Russian Jewish phenomena. Father Alexander Men was one such Hebrew Orthodox Christian who led many Jews and intellectuals into the Church during the communist era. He was murdered in 1990.

Jacob Frank and the Zoharist Catholic Khasidim

Jacob Frank




Recent Catholic writers of a Latin traditionalist bent have written slanderous and incorrect commentaries in regards to the leaders and writers of the modern phenomena of Hebrew Catholics [or Catholic Jews]. They have been accused of all sorts of evil agendas and their writings misconstrued. This leads one to reflect back to that other large group of Catholic Jews later called Frankists but in their own era and milieu as Zoharists or Leb (Heart) Khasidim. They were in the main scholarly and religious Jews who looked to the mystical interpretation of Scripture and Tradition as proposed in the Jewish Mystical commentary on the Torah called “Zohar”. These Zoharists who became Catholic Jews with their Rebbe Jacob Leib ben Judah Leib (aka Jacob Leibowitz Frank), were misunderstood, persecuted, and maligned by both Catholics and Jews who opposed their movement as well as later writers and researchers such as Gershom Scholem. Instead of reviewing them according to their own terms they were placed in a mixed bag with Sabbatians, occultists and Gnostics. While some later followers of Frank’s ideas did associate with such groups- Frank himself remained true to his Zoharist vision which led him to embrace the Catholic Church in 1760 as that force which would be the foundation and base for a renewed Universal Religion which would unite all the lost sparks found in all religions and philosophies. He was ahead of his time with ideas that later would be accepted by Vatican II. The Jesuits were the only group that could understand such ideas at this time and they were great supporters of the Zoharist Jews. The Jesuits themselves unfortunately were being persecuted by their fellow Catholics and would soon be disbanded.

Frank’s letters and sayings must be evaluated in the light of a Catholic Jewish and Marian reading of the “Zohar”. One needs to contemplate Frank and the Zoharists from a position of perceiving the Kabbalah as authentic Jewish Mysticism rather than a development of Gnostic occultism. When one does this, one comes to different conclusions than most of the writers of the last two centuries of slander. Gershom Scholem is hostile to Kabbalah in general and so is a negatively biased researcher even if very erudite. One can also perceive that the Frankist insights are the seeds and forerunner of Pope John Paul II’s phenomenological “Theology of the Body” which draws from Polish Frankist sources. Some extremist authors indeed condemn John Paul II and his teachings due to their Frankist origins, which they perceive as evil. Phenomenology itself has roots in the teachings of Jacob Leib Frank who wished to encourage a spirituality that looked at truth from the perspective of man and his life. This phenomenological approach is also found in the teachings of Rebbe Nachman of Breslov who was influenced by the secret Jewish followers of Frank that remained in the Jewish community. Rebbe Nachman spent 5 years learning with the Zoharist Tzadik Benjamin Ephraim Broida (Brody) his father-in-law who was a rabbi in Ossatin at this time.

Much has been made of the claims that the Zoharists were anti-Talmud. A reading of the letters of Jacob Frank and the writings of some of the early Frankists, show that they had a detailed knowledge and use of the Talmud and Jewish tradition. The Zoharists were not anti-talmudic but opposed a dry legalistic way of interpreting the Scriptures and Talmud. The so-called anti-Talmud and blood-libel disputations attended by some of the Zoharists, were more due to the prejudices of the anti-semitic Gentile Christian clergy with whom the Zoharists were driven to ally with in order to save their lives. Jacob had nothing to do with these disputations and did not attend them. The lists of the Frankists so-called beliefs reflect more the ideas of the Catholic clergy and their anti-semitic ideas than the beliefs of the Zoharists. Most writers seem to be ready to believe the picture of Frank painted by his enemies and assume his insincerity in his Catholic beliefs. It is clear that the Zohar alludes to the Trinitarian idea of three persons in one God. It also emphasizes the role of the heavenly Mother in Eternity who lives in deep union with the three lights within the Godhead who manifests in 10 attributes. In fact, the Zoharist movement could be called a Marian movement. Frank’s use of the term ‘goddess’ for Our Lady comes directly from the Zohar which calls the feminine aspect of Shekhinah ‘elleh’ or goddess. Jacob Frank was not antinomian, he believed in the Torah but believed through baptism (the mikveh of the Messiah) the Zoharists were free in the Messiah to observe Torah at the mystical level of the Torah of Atik and for this greater purpose of universalizing the Mystical insights, they were free to appear as Gentiles to the Gentiles. Nevertheless, in the privacy of their own homes and communities they continued to observe circumcision, the Sabbath, their own burial customs and they practiced endogamy. Endogamy is the practice of only marrying other Jews. They mostly married others from Zoharists families. Women were sometimes allowed to marry non-Jews for social reasons but the men were encouraged by their mothers only to marry those from appropriate families. Frank was endeavouring to preserve the election of Israel as a community within the Church but he was too far ahead of his time.

Jacob Frank also had nothing to do with the Lvov consistory of 1757 and its statements. The Zoharists were being persecuted at this time by the Rabbinic authorities who wished the Church to burn their fellow Jews at the stake. In desperation a group of the Zoharists in fear of their lives and families sought church protection at the price of appearing anti-Talmudic just as they were to do in 1759, in regards to the blood libel disputations, in order to gain the protection of Bishop Stoltyk a notorious anti-semite and promoter of the blood libel. Once again Jacob took no part in this disputation but appeared in Lvov at the end to lead his people to the waters of salvation. Many tried to discredit Frank and his followers by slandering them and claiming they were not sincere converts to Catholicism. In one sense, this was true. They were not converts to a narrow view of Catholicism popular in their time. They had a vision of a broader Catholicism that was truly universal and allowed Jews in the Church to be truly Jews. Frank discerned that until his Marian vision could be fulfilled they would practice hiddeness and silence. The Church of Poland however in 1760 did acknowledge officially that the Frankists were sincere in their Catholic beliefs. The Frankists were sincere believers in the infallible teachings of faith and morals but did not feel bound to the man-made traditions and prejudices of the church of their time just as they didn’t feel bound by the Rabbinic legalistic approach. They were primarily mystics not theologians and lawyers. They saw a grand vision of what Judaism and Catholicism could be as a Universal uniter of all peoples. The Frankists were ecumenical in an age when ecumenism was not popular. They envisioned not just the union of Jews and Catholics but also of Muslims and Eastern Orthodoxy. Those with a more limited vision interpret these Frankist approaches as insincerity rather than a broad universal approach. John Paul II and Benedict XVI are also condemned, by many narrow insular Catholics, for their broad and loving ecumenical approach. Even in Frank’s own life time, he noted that there were some of his followers that did not understand his deep Marian insights. After his death his daughter, Eva Frank was influenced by Sabbatians from Prague and Frank’s relative Moses Debruska headed in an occult direction. However many other hidden groups of Zoharists remained true to Frank’s original vision. Jacob originally sought permission for his people after baptism to keep the Jewish customs openly in the Church. However, the narrow anti-semitic prejudices of the clergy of the Polish Church of the time denied his request so that they were forced to dwell in hiddeness and silence. His enemies in the church could only criticize his teachings on the Intermediate or Second Coming of Christ in glory and the Day of Judgement and the Final Coming. This is a question that the church has never formerly defined and is still open even today for theological debate and speculation according to Pope Benedict XVI.

Jacob Frank was not the originator of these Catholic Jewish insights; he learnt them from the Catholic Jewish followers of Nathan of Gaza. After Nathan of Gaza’s conversion to Catholicism many other Sabbatians either openly became Catholics or secretly remained in the Jewish community. Nathan of Gaza now began to focus on the Zohar rather than the Gnostic and occultic elements which had led Sabbatai Tzvi in a false path. These occultic Gnostic elements from the East had been introduced by Chayim Vidal, and other followers of Isaac Luria (the Ari), which distorted the teachings of the Ari into an occultic direction. Nathan of Gaza and his new followers now realized that Yeshua was the true Messiah of Zohar not Sabbatai Tzvi. Nathan of Gaza came to see that he had been deceived about Sabbatai Tzvi. Nevertheless, he saw some holy sparks in his teachings but also perceived that they could only be redeemed through the power of baptism in the Catholic Faith, which gave one the power of Eternal Life. Frank later saw Sabbatai Tzvi as inspired by the demon Asmodeus. He refers to him as Asmodeus the Elder and to Berakya Russo as Asmodeus the Son. Jacob’s father was a Sabbatean follower of an extremist group following the early teachings of Berakya Russo and Rabbi Mordechai Margolioth initiated Jacob into this group at his wedding in 1752. In 1753, Frank moved to Salonika where he learnt with the followers of Berakya Russo and he became a fanatical follower of this sect. However, on a visit to Skopje in 1754 to the tomb of Nathan of Gaza he met a holy woman who followed the baptized Nathan of Gaza’s teachings. She tried to reveal them to Frank but he misunderstood her. Frank desired to enter more deeply into the Sabbatian occult mysteries and Rabbi Mordechai became fearful of his fanaticism. He also started to question his teachers Rabbi Mordechai and Rabbi Issachar about Berakhya Russo and became disillusioned with his version of Sabbatianism. He decided to go into Turkey as a merchant and learn with the secret Sabbatians called the Donmeh. In Turkey, he outwardly converted to Islam, in the tradition of the Donmeh, with 70 of his followers. However after he experienced the martyrdom of a Christian, who had converted to Islam who then openly recanted his conversion and was beheaded by the Muslims, his heart started to question his former beliefs. He started to read the Zohar more deeply and remembered back to what the holy old woman of Skopje had told him about Nathan of Gaza and Berayka Russo who had drawn close to the Eastern Orthodox Church (whom he referred to as Edom) in his later years. In 1755 he returned to Poland and sought to provide some leadership to the numerous Sabbatian groups and lead them into a more Zoharist and thus Catholic Marian direction. In 1756 he was forced to flee to Turkey in order to save his life. Frank and his followers sang praises to the Matronita (Virgin Mary) from the Zohar with the sexes mixed. They were discovered doing this and they fled. Their enemies stated that they were involved in some kind of sex worship of a naked woman. They were arrested and forced to confess to all sorts of lies in order to save their lives. The church court later investigated the claims of the Jewish court of Satanov and dismissed it as baseless slander against the Zoharists. In 1758 under royal protection, Frank and those followers who had fled to Turkey returned to Poland and in 1759, 3,000 were baptized formally with him to the Catholic Faith in Lvov. In 1760, many more were baptized in Warsaw. Frank claimed that 60,000 Jews were baptized into the Catholic Faith under his leadership. Many others didn’t get baptized but secretly followed his teachings remaining within the rabbinic Jewish communities. However later in 1760, his and the Jesuits enemies in the Church had him slandered and imprisoned in Czestochowa the great Polish Marian shrine. Here he was to experience apparitions of Our Lady of Czestochowa whom Frank called the Goddess (Elleh) of Czestochowa.




Frank connected the holy icon of the Virgin with the Zohar’s teaching of the Celestial Mother as the mirror image of the 10 Attributes. She was the Lady Mother of Wisdom of the Book of Proverbs to whom King Solomon was devoted. Frank said “What did Christ show? Just that, that all pray to an icon. There is in this world a ‘likeness’ to which all kings went. King Solomon gazed at that icon more than the others. That is why it is said, he was wiser than all the rest. If only one would sincerely pray to God at this entrance (the icon of Czestochowa) then from here God would answer him.” (Zbior Slow Panskich 91). Our Lady revealed to him that when the Jewish people as a collective come and honour the Lady of Czestochowa then the Russian people would also honour her by entering a renewed Marian Catholic Church. 

Frank said about Czestochowa, “We are running (ratz) after an icon…Czestochowa was called from ancient times the Matronita (Maiden/Virgin). When we (the Jewish people) will come here so then will the Muscovites enter her” (Zbior Slow Panskich 95 & 106). In his writings Frank seems very upset with the leaders of the Frankist Jews who disobeyed him and did not bring all the Catholic Jews to honour the Lady of Czestochowa in a mass gathering. A great grace that God had in store was postponed to a later time. This grace was connected with the mystery of the Divine Will that is represented in the Jewish Temple by the three arks in one of the Ark of the covenant which represents the three heads (or skulls) of Divine Will. Frank revealed, “In Czestochowa I beheld a vision of this ‘likeness’, I was in a synagogue where there were three arks which looked like altars. I paused before one of the altars and davened. After I had finished my davening according to Jewish custom I returned to my place and took off my tallis…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 7). He then receives a vision of 12 Jewish men and 12 Jewish women whose faces radiate like Moses full of wisdom (hokhmah), beauty (tiferet) and purity (tzadik/tahor) who would in the future lead the Jews to fulfill this mission which Frank had begun. Frank was hoping they would gain the grace of ‘daat’ (knowledge) of the Divine Will, which would prepare the world for the third fiat of living in Divine Will as did Yeshua and Miriam. 

Frank said to his followers, “You have not yet come to Daat, since Daat is that hidden Daat [of the array of the sefirot] and the understanding (binah) of that Daat means knowledge… ‘Know before whom you stand’. If you were dwelling in this Daat you would no longer be subject to defect… therefore I have taken you only to ordinary baptism…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 110). This grace is connected to the ‘well of Miriam’ which is discussed in the Zohar. Frank discusses this mystery of the Maiden (Matronita/Matrona), “All the efforts of our fathers were devoted to this, that they might run after that Matronita, upon whom the whole of life depends and who gives protection from all evil, no weapon has any power over us because of her help. Just as the patriarchs dug a well, and Jacob found a well and at it Rachel and he removed the rock from that well. And also Moses after arriving at the spring met a maiden there…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 124). 

Jacob Frank also was frustrated with those unbaptised followers of his that were reluctant to get baptized and thus formerly leave their Jewish communities. He wanted to lead them to Daat which could not be accessed except through the grace of baptism. He said to them, “At the beginning we needed a plain baptism but now it is necessary for us to go on to Daat. I am with you but I am baptized and you are not. Why is this so? It is because you are not following the one sent by God… Now this must wait days and years before we can reach that grace. I will not be able to bring you near it now… unless you will be humble and meek as a doormat upon which everybody treads…when the Good God reveals himself in this world your simkhah will be great but when you see the grace lost by you, you will become sad and will be very sorry…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 143). 

Frank warns his followers of the persecution of the Pope of their time (by Napoleon a type of the antichrist) which is not the time of the prophesied persecution and exile of the Pope at the period called the end of times (of special mercy for the gentiles). This can only be fulfilled at the time when the Jewish people have entered the Catholic Church through baptism. “…When the high priest came out from the Holy of Holies on Yom Kippor the whole world rejoiced and it was said ‘Blessed is the eye which saw it’. That was only a sign and type for the present when they will drag out the high priest from Rome and the whole world will rejoice at that time…But you will be only present at the likeness of that event…because when we shall come to Esau (the Roman Catholic Church) only then will be fulfilled ‘The Lord appeared to me from afar’ (Jeremiah 31: 3). Only there (Tam) and then we will put on the robe of Esau…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 156). The verse “the Lord appeared from afar” is discussed in Zohar 2: 125b linking it with Exodus 24 and the mysteries of the Shekinah who is linked to Miriam in the verse “and his sister stood afar off” (Exodus 2: 4). The word ‘tam’ in Zohar 2: 126a refers to Jacob as the image of the Divine Adam, which Frank also reads as Edom. The Messiah is the man in scarlet garments coming from Edom. 

In Zbior Slow Panskich 154-155, it tells of message from the Maiden in a time of great change and upheaval. In 155 he alludes to the time of the footsteps and heel of Messiah and the Day of Judgment (not the final Judgement day but what Catholics call the mini Judgement or Warning) and the era of the grace of Living in the Divine Will. This last mystery he is not permitted to reveal except by allusions to the Sun and its rays. The robes of Esau are also the robes of Adam according to Zohar 1: 142b. The field is also associated with Esau in the Zohar and Frank links it with Poland as the word field is ‘Pole’ in Polish. This field is associated with the divine Adam and his Attributes (Sefirot). In ZSP 157 Frank speaks of an evil King of the nations (Zar) that will come to rule over the nations alluding to Zohar 2: 95a-96a. 

From this very brief look at some of the teachings of Frank one perceives that only those who themselves share the Catholic Jewish and Marian understanding can evaluate the teachings of Frank in the light of the Zohar. One also must be careful to read his comments about his life and thoughts as a Sabbatian as a form of confession of his past sins. As a Sabbatian he was antinomian, it was his teshuvah and entry into baptism and the Catholic Church that drew him back to the true path of righteousness. 

However in the collection (Yalkut/Zbior) of his writings the Prague Sabbatians that joined Eva’s Frankists in Offenbach added their own occultic ideas to the collection in Frank’s name. Frank was totally devoted to the Maiden of Czestochowa (who he called the heavenly Rachel) but the Prague Sabbatians detested her and associated her with Lilith the mother of evil. An example is 397 in the collection. Here they use many of the allusions and symbols that Frank used in praise of the Maiden drawing on the Zohar and they turn it to the opposite and attack the Law of Moses as well. These interpolations in the material reveal the hatred that they have for those followers of Frank who remain devoted in sincerity to Our Lady and the Catholic faith. This false Frank in 397 disparages the Rosa Mystica whereas the true Jacob Frank honours her. “…And if you had been worthy to see her you would have said only one word… you would have said that word “Shoshana”- Rose. Then you would have caught hold of her with an eternal grip without stopping. She would have blessed you saying ‘You are blessed my children! You run after (ratz) me until now so from now on I will be with you forever.’ She would have led you then…” (Zbior Slow Panskich 410). 

Unfortunately, this perverted image of Frank is the one which has been embraced by history. When one doesn’t separate the false image from the true Jacob Frank it looks like Frank is schizophrenic. One is an arrogant power mad, sex driven occult leader, the other a humble, simple spiritual man who has suffered for his total devotion to his Maiden yet a strong, humourous man who was very naughty in his youth, and wayward and violent until his conversion to the Maiden.

After Frank’s death in 1791 his daughter Eva (Rachel) became the Tzadikess of the Frankists in Germany but unfortunately was led astray by the Prague Sabbatians. This caused a split between Eva and her sisters and brother who continued in Frank’s original vision. From Frank’s study of the Zohar and his apparitions of Our Lady, he knew that a new Eve from Edom would come to reveal the concept of Living in the divine Will on earth and open this gateway for all. This was the very little chaya mentioned in the Zohar 1:26a. Yeshua was the superior Chaya as the new unfallen Adam (Adam was called Nefesh Chayah) and Miriam ha Kedosha (the maiden) was little Chaya as the new unfallen Eve (Chavah) and this new Eve (Chavah) from amongst the fallen was the very little Chayah. Frank called his youngest daughter Rachel Chaya and she was given the name Eva at her baptism in the hope that she might be this one. However, this ‘very little one’ was to be born in Corato, Italy in 1865, a virgin of belonging to Rome (Edom). Her surname Piccaretta can mean ‘a very little one’ and Luisa signed herself as the little child in the Divine Will. She died in 1947 one year before the proclamation of the State of Israel. 

Jesus told Luisa that the Kingdom of the Divine Will would be given back to Jerusalem by Rome in thanksgiving for the Jews part in giving Redemption to the world. This will be that time when Jacob (Jews) will put on the robes of his brother Esau (Rome) and there would be an explosion of spirituality in the world at the high level of the sanctification of dwelling in Divine Will (Ratzon). The Pope who will approve and beatify Luisa may be Ratzinger whose name can be read as living in the Divine Will as ratzon (will) and gar (live). It was the Polish Pope, John Paul II, who approved of St Faustina and the Divine Mercy. 

Some believe that the Woytila family may be of Frankist ancestry and recent research by an Orthodox Jewish scholar has demonstrated that John Paul’s mother was of Litvak Jewish ancestry. From Jacob Frank’s field (pole) have come the three great Poles of the 20th century –John Paul the Great, St Faustina Kowalski and St Maximillian Kolbe. Jacob Frank saw that Poland, France, Russia, Islam and the Jews were to play important roles in the end of the times of the Gentiles. He predicted the holocaust of Jews in central Europe if the Jews didn’t embrace Edom, which was fulfilled 150 years after his death.

As I have written about Jacob Frank elsewhere. "Jacob Frank saw him self in the role of a new Jeremiah called to knock down and destroy, and then to build and to plant. He was a trail blazer whose work would bear fruit in the future. He foresaw the destruction of European Jewry and saw that their salvation lay with the Catholic Church who in accord with Rabbinic tradition he called Esau or Edom. The Virgin of the Zohar the Matronita would lead them to become nothing -to die to Rabbinic Judaism and rise to Messianic freedom in the Catholic faith. He saw a future pure and humble Universal Messianic Religion that would come forth from the present Catholic Church. He saw a great Ecumenical Church that would through the Virgin's leading usher in a universal era of peace where the hidden mysticism of the Zohar would be fully understood and deepened as the Torah of Atzilut ( Torah of Atik).

 Frank saw the barriers and rules of present religions as obstacles between people. He came under Divine Guidance to nullify or to become as nothing which was a entering into the highest level of Keter (Crown) - the realm of entering in to the Divine Will. Frank looked to the earth and salvation history (the world of man and the person) to see God at Work rather than looking to the heaven which is veiled even for great mystics. His was a down to earth and practical spirituality that sanctified man's works. 

He foresaw that Poland would be the place that would prepare for the coming universal transformation (by the Divine Will) of the earth in the coming Messianic Era of Peace. He saw Poland as a place to be in the turn of 'night' before the great era of light that was coming. He foresaw a Slavic or Polish Pope who would draw on the insights that his follower's descendants in Poland would spread in spiritual and mystical circles among the common people. He also foresaw a great role for the Jews and for the French in this coming time. 

He foresaw a united Catholic Europe under a Great Catholic Monarch called Messiah ben Ephraim (or Messiah ben Joseph) a Catholic descendant of King David and a descendant of the Stuart Kings. He foresaw the coming a Great French Pope and saw the French return to their position as the eldest daughter of the Church. He also foresaw the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in bringing about the unity of East and West. He sought to dialogue with the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Czar who visited him. He foresaw the destruction that Russia and the Muslims would inflict before the Virgin would lead them into the bosom of the new and purified universal Church. He tried to dialogue with the Muslims involved in mystical circles that had much in common with the Frankist mystics. 

He perceived that all laws and rules that separate people and divide them must be caste down and that not only Jews had to be saved but all mankind. The man-made social institutions had to be caste down because they stand in the way of universal salvation. Jacob sensed that he and his followers (Haverim/ Friends) had to go like Jesus to all people even to the lowest in this time when mankind was at its worst. They must like the Messiah become all things to all men. One has to descend (become nothing and totally die to self - to be annihilated or nullified) before one can ascend. This is dangerous because evil is similar to good - it imitates the good and perverts the goodness to the evil side. This is the mystery of Jacob's Ladder. Frank saw himself as a New Jacob who must descend to the abyss of nothing at the bottom of the ladder in order to redeem the one caught in the grip of the evil side. He further saw the role of himself and his followers as New Jacobs who were called to totally die to self (even to being Jews) through baptism in order to unite with their brother Esau/Edom (Rome). 

The Tanak (Old Testament) foresaw that the Messiah was to come from Edom (Seir or Esau) in certain prophecies and the Rabbinic tradition spoke of the Messiah dwelling among the poor Gentiles on the outskirts of Rome. Frank also developed a deep mystical 'theology of the body' based on the teachings of the Zohar. It was earthy and sexual while being mystical at the same time. His enemies and even some of his Frankists misunderstood these teaching and distorted and misrepresented them. Some of his followers took these teachings into an occult direction such as his relative Moses Debuchka. Frank also correctly perceived that the Catholic Church (Esau /Rome) of his time was not fully ready for his insights so that he and his followers must practice 'holy silence' outside the Frankist's circles. Through their silence they must become a Jewish leaven in Catholicism from which in the fullness of time would emerge 'holy knowledge' (Daat) hidden within the Zohar which would be universalized for the benefit and enlightenment of all.

Frank also realized that while they must join the nations of the Catholic Church they still needed to retain their Jewish identity in some form. In order to attain the mystical goals of the Frankists they may for a time have to move freely not bound by the strictures of Orthodox Jewish rules and traditions. As Paul felt free to be a Jew to the Jew and as one under the Torah to those under the Torah for the sake of the Gospel, the Frankists felt able to be Gentiles to the Gentiles for the sake of the Mystical traditions. Their acceptance of baptism and Jesus as the Messiah allowed them this freedom in the Messiah. They saw that by entering into the Messiah they would now observe Torah at the mystical levels of the Torah of Beriyah and in the future at the level of the Torah of Atzilut. In order to fulfill their mission as New Jacobs they must go on the 'way to Esau' (also known as the way to Emmaus) which was conversion to the Roman Catholic Church. 

Esau (Rome) belonged to the Good God where the power of death is made nought by the Resurrection and it is the dwelling place of 'the Virgin' (Matronita or the Maiden) who is the mystical Rachel ( The Church and Mary in her role as Mother of the Church). Frank taught that to the Virgin "all the King's weapons are surrendered" [i.e. Mediatrix of all Graces]. The Virgin is the much sought after Wisdom or Sophia. She is destined to be the victor over Death (Satan) and to be as the Zohar calls her ‘the Ark of the Covenant, Sovereign of all the Earth’. Until this time she is concealed in a Castle (the Church). This is the Woman in the Wilderness in the 12th chapter of the Apocalypse. She is the feminine aspect of Shekinah that went into Exile with Adam and Eve. 

The place of Esau symbolizes the nullification and dwelling in the Divine Will which is the home of the Virgin who dwells in the Divine Will (Keter) at the level of Gulgalta (Golgotha). Mary in Eternity dwells at the foot of the Cross at Golgotha totally united with the Divine Will. This is a hidden light that will be revealed to believers when these mystical insights about the Virgin will start to bear fruit. Frank saw that the time for this had not come but that a New Eve and virgin in the spirit of Eve before the fall and in the spirit of Mary would come to open this future Era of Blessing, Peace and Holiness that would lead to Revival of the Dead. He named his daughter Eve in the hope that it could be her that would be this New Eve of the future. He foresaw that a virgin of Esau (Rome) would lead the way to this Era of Holiness and the fulfillment of the Jewish mystical traditions.

Thus the Frankists had a liberated view of the role of woman and woman played an important role in their movement. They were prophets and mystics of great respect and Frank's daughter Eve was leader of the group after his death. Frank was a Hebrew Catholic Rebbe or Tzaddik and his daughter was a female Tzaddik. Like the Hasidic Rebbes they maintained a court. They saw that returning to Eden before the Fall reversed the curse that divided the sexes. They were new Adam's and the new Eve's - the Lords of Creation. 

The Virgin was seen by Frank as one of the Cherubim/Seraphim who guarded the Garden of Eden. She was the Queen of the Cherubim and Seraphim. Satan or Samael had once been Lucifer, the Ruler of the Cherubim and Seraphim. The Seraphim were holy fiery Serpents and thus Satan took the form of a fallen Serpent or Seraphim. Jesus is symbolized by the Bronze Serpent (a Seraph) on the Cross or Pole in the Book of Numbers. The Two Cherubim of the Garden are the two Cherubim of the Ark of the Covenant - they are Jesus and Mary in Eternity as Metatron and Matronita, the male and female aspects of Shekinah. Entry back to Eden (Paradise/ pardis/ bliss) is through these two Cherubic Hearts. The Frankists wanted to return to the conditions of Paradise where man was naked before God. Some Frankists like the Adamites took this literally and prayed and meditated naked causing scandal to others.

The Frankists had great devotion to this female (the Virgin) in the Zohar and they obeyed the Zoharic command to sing praises to this Woman who is the Ultimate Eve or Mother of the Living. That the Frankists allowed women and men to join these praises together caused misunderstanding and slander from other Jews. The Frankists saw that men and woman were restored to an Edenic relationship and thus the curses of Genesis were lifted through the triumph of the Virgin Daughter of Zion and her Seed the Messiah. In order to achieve the nakedness of soul that man had in Eden one must follow the Torah at the mystical level as revealed in Zohar. The Zohar reveals this level of Torah was offered to Israel at Sinai where they had a taste of seeing the Divine Mysteries clearly as a Sea parting in the Heavens just as the prophetess Miriam had. However Israel sinned with the Golden Calf and they had to be content with the lower level of understanding Torah that took in to account their need for rituals regarding forgiveness of sin and purity. 

The Frankists saw that baptism was a path leading back to this higher level of understanding Torah. Frank's aim was to lead his followers 'towards Life'. That Life was Messiah Jesus and his Virgin Mother, who allow the Jews (Frankists) to return to Edenic purity and enter the Garden of the Two Cherubim, where the Tree of Life is. There are no laws only love when one attains this total self-nullification and union with the Divine Will of the Good God. Jacob Frank wanted to unite Jacob, Esau and Ishmael (Jews, Christians and Muslims). The only way to do this was through the Virgin (Matronita) who was totally one with the Divine Will (her will was united to the Divine Will). One writer states "Frank's ultimate vision of the future was based upon the still unrevealed laws of the Torah of Atzilut which he promised his disciples". They would take effect once they had come to Esau (Rome), when they had died to self and had been totally nullified through baptism. The level of the Messiah is the level of Keter/Ratzon (Divine Crown and Will) which is the stage of total self nullification to the Divine Will. This is the level of the Torah of the Hidden Ancient One (Torah of Atik or Atzilut)."

In my article on the "Mystical Rose" I also mention Jacob Frank. "The new Adam and the new Eve represent these feminine and masculine mysteries that are at the heart of the Jewish mystical theology. This is the mystical forerunner of the ‘theology of the body’ that has recently been unveiled by Pope John Paul II and is starting to be unfolded by Catholic theologians and writers such as Christopher West and Professor Janet Smith. The Hebrew Catholic Frankists are also forerunners of this theology of the body through their deep study of the Zohar which led Jacob Frank and his followers to embrace the Catholic Church. The Frankists remained influential in Polish Catholicism and many of the Polish sources that influenced the insights of Pope John Paul II come from Polish Catholic thinkers who are influenced by the Frankist ideas. The Frankists have been misrepresented by their enemies and critics but I think that their teachings need to be reassessed in the light of the present Papal theology and teachings of John Paul II. The Frankists’ symbol was the red Magen David which is also the red Rose. Jacob Frank spent 13 years at Czestochowa where Our Lady appeared to him as a beautiful Virgin. Jacob Frank was a devotee of the Zohar and Our Lady. He saw her connection with the concepts of Kneset Yisrael, Matronita and Sabbath Queen as revealed in the Zohar. He stated: “If you had caught on to that Maiden (The Virgin Matronita) in whom rests all the power of the world then you would have come in to the power to do works. But since you are not worthy of this, to cling to her, I know not to whom she will reveal her secret, and I am sworn and wait to do and fulfill whatever she orders done. And I bless you, for she has commanded me to receive you, and I rejoice. I told you that I am only a messenger, and whatever she says to me, I do.” Jacob Frank here humbly claims to be only a servant and messenger of Our Lady. He also stated: “You were not worthy to understand when I said to you, ‘I will show you God’, for first you must meet the Virgin because she is the Gate to God, and through her one enters in to God.” He also referred to her as the Redemptress . The Jewish tradition also calls Esther a Redemptress. This has significance for the Catholic belief in Mary as the Co-Redemptrix. Jacob Frank and his teaching have been distorted by his enemies and also by occultists to their own ends. Even some of his own followers did not fully understand what he had taught them. Zohar 1:11b refers to Rabbi Shimon as a precious pearl. This pearl shines forth as a great light. Jacob Frank describes the light or aspect of God that he had and its growth as a pearl. As Rabbi Shimon was in a cave for 13 years so Jacob Frank was in a ‘cave’/prison for 13 years at Czestochowa. He predicted a wonderful era of living in the Divine Will when the Jewish people would enter the Catholic Church. He associated this era with miraculous Roses that would bloom every day for 110 years. These Roses are the wonderful mystical insights that would find their full blossoming when the Jewish mystical tradition would be united with the Catholic mystical tradition leading to a wonderful era of peace. He also predicted the coming Holocaust of the Jews in Europe if they didn’t enter into Rome (whom he called Edom/Seir). The Jesuits had strongly supported Jacob Frank and his followers and both the Frankists and Jesuits were hated by certain groups within the Church that worked with the anti-Frankist Jewish authorities in order to slander and persecute both groups. The Frankists were also called Zoharists and they brought great riches into the Catholic Church that is bearing fruit in the pontificate of the Polish Slavic Pope which had been predicted by Frank. This prediction had been passed down by the families of Frankist origin in Poland. He also saw a future important spiritual role for Poland, France and the Jews which was passed down by the Frankist families. Our Lady of Czestochowa who appeared to Frank is close to the heart of Pope John Paul II and the whole Polish nation. John Paul presented the shrine of Czestochowa with a Golden Rose to signify the importance of this shrine of Our Lady. The Lady of the Zohar who is the Jewish Rosa Mystica is revealed to Frank as Our Lady of Czestochowa of Catholic devotion. The Frankists were the first fruits of the future ingrafting of the Jews to the Catholic faith followed by Our Lady’s apparition to the Jew Alphonse Ratisbonne in 1842."


Note: Since writing this article certain Catholics have also sought to slander and miscontrue what I have written here. I am no way a Sabatean nor do I approve of Sabateanism. While I give a new positive evaluation of Jacob Frank and his teachings I do not necessarily agree with his conclusions or ideas in certain areas. I also do not approve of the perverted Frankists who followed the teaching of Moses Debruschka or Eva Frank. I neither believe in or approve of New Age, occultism, freemasonry, nor Kabbalah interpreted through a Buddhist or Hindu or occult perspective. I personally adhere to the infallible teachings of the Catholic Church on faith and morals. I believe that any sex outside monogamous, heterosexual life-long marriage as contrary to the Divine Will, while at the same time not judging anyone else. I also respect the viewpoints of others who choose to disagree with me. What I take issue with is those who misrepresent what I am saying and seek to link my personal ideas and opinions with those of other Hebrew Catholics in a negative and frankly anti-semitic manner. My ideas are my own and do not represent any other organisation or persons as I state on my blog for all to see.

Note 2: Jacob Frank firstly was married around 1740 to Chaya the daughter of Hayyim Falk (Falkon) of Podolia (the Baal Shem of London) by whom he had 6 daughters. He secondly married Hannah in 1752 who was the mother of his daughter Eva (Rachel) and his sons Emmanuel and Joseph (Reizel). Roch is also said to be his son but I believe he is in fact one of his sons-in-law. Falk's granddaughter Sarah married  his assistant Tzvi Hirsh Kalisch (Collish/Collins). Falk's father was Rabbi Joshua Raphael (older brother of Rabbi Joseph Raphael) who were the grandsons of Raphael (Robert) Falconer [b.1644 Edinburgh) son of Sir John Falconer and Esther Briot of the Mint. It would seem that Robert embraced orthodox Judaism and took the name Raphael and moved to Aleppo in Syria and married into the Lanaido family.