Monday, December 27, 2010

Jewish R1b U106 L47 and the Rhadanites

In other blogs I have mentioned that the Rhadanites or Rhodans are of R1b U152. These Jewish Rhodans traded along all the Rivers of Europe into the East and Asia. They also settled in North America at Rhoda the capital city of Calalus (Arizona). They also had another base in the Rhone (Rhodan) Valley in France and a coastal city called Redon (Renne). In France they were known as the Rhadanites, Redones and Radbards (Red Beards). Many retreated after their defeat by the Romans in the 1st century AD to their settlements in the Rhone Valley. Others went to Rhoda in America. They were joined by others from the American Rhoda in the 4th or 5th century when it would seem Rhoda threw off Jewish rule. Later the Makhiri dynasty would return Jewish Roman rule to Rhoda in the 8th century. However another y-dna line is associated with the Rhodans or Radbards of the Rhone Valley. This is those of R-U106 L47.

R1b-U106 L47 comes from a male line Frankish noble whose descendants are intermarried with both the Jewish Rhadanite or Rhodan (also called Radbard/red beards) of the Rhone Valley and the Jewish Makhiri dynasty of Septimania and Narbonne who were to reconquer Rhodan Calalus under Theuderic (Theodoric /Aymer le Chetif/ Nehemiah/Namon)the father of William Isaac of Gellone (known as Isaac of the Rhadanites). A Jewish Encyclopedia states: "... The important Jewish settlement in the Rhone Valley, which had been in existence during the Roman and Merovingian periods, increased and expanded through the SaƓne Valley..."

Gossallin (Gauzelm/Gosselin)or his father Herve a Frankish nobleman could be the Jewish founder of L47. Gossallin's wife Herimbue (Herriasbeuck/Altatrude)was the daughter of the second William of Orange (Guillaume de Gellone/Isaac the Rhadanite) son of Theuderic of the Ripariens (son of Machir ben Judah Narbonne Exilarch)and his wife Uren a Princess of the Rhadanites or Radbards. Also Gosselin's father is Herve of Maine who married Godhilde of the Radbards.

Gosselin's sons were Hugon Prince of Orange and Rorgon (Isaac) of Les Baux (also called Rorick or Roricon Count of Maine and Rennes). I believe Rorgon according to a Jewish custom married his neice Alatas Princess of Orange and they had at least two sons Radbard and Beraud (Bertrand)Prince of Orange and of Les Baux. He married secondly to Bilichild with whom he had six children. He also had two illegimate children with Charlemagne's daughter Rotrude. The later de Vaux family and the Les Baux descend from Beraud and his wife Gerberge of Mercoeur's son William Lord of Orange and Mercoeur (Makhiri). William is the father of Pons of Les Baux and Robert de Vaux.

My conclusion is that the L47 is a Jewish clan which split into Catholic and Jewish branches. While I think all L47 people have Jewish ancestry on the male line, that does not mean they are Jewish. It would seem that those that remained openly Jewish left France for Spain in the 13th century at the time of the Expulsion of the Jews from France. Some of them at the time of the Spanish expulsion in 1492 became Marranos and went to the Americas. Others who wished to remain openly Jewish went into the countries of Eastern Europe and had a tradition of being Ashkenazi of Sephardi ancestry.

However some may have gone East with the Rhadanite traders and may have been in Spain at an early date in the 10th century. One Polish history states: "...The first Jews to arrive on Polish territory were merchants who were referred to as Radhanites. The Radhanites were merchants whose trade extended over vast distances between east and west. They were fluent in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Spanish, "Frankish" and "Slav" languages. Their entrance occurred simultaneously with the formation of the Polish state. One of them was Ibrahim ibn Jacob, the author of the first extensive account about Poland. In the summer of 965 or 966 Jacob made a trade and diplomatic journey from his native Toledo in Moslem Spain to the Holy Roman Empire and Slavonic countries..."

Another map of Rhadanite Trade routes

Some such as the De Vaux family went with the Normans into England and a number of English, Welsh and Scottish families are L47 as a result. Robert de Vaux's grandfather Bertrand(Beraud)de Baux came to Normandy from Les Baux in 929 and became a favourite of Duke Robert of Normandy. His son Harald de Vaux and his three sons came with their relative William the Conqueror to England in 1066. A branch of this family also settled in Scotland soon after. It is also possible that the original Lords of Picton were a branch of this family that came to Wales with the Normans in the reign of Henry I or they may descend from a member of the Les Baux family that had gone to Flanders and then the ancestor settled in Picton in Pembrokeshire.

The Vance family website states: "...The medieval castle, Les Baux, still exists as ruins perched atop a rocky mountain ledge near Arles, France. From their castle, they took the name de Baux (pronounced “dee bow”). The first record of a de Baux is that of Gossallin who, in about 810, married Herriasbeuck, daughter and heiress of William, Sovereign of the Court of Orange, and niece of Bertha, wife of Emperor Charlemagne. The de Bauxs were feudal overlords owning seventy-nine villages and towns, mostly located along the Rhone River from Marseille north to near Lyon. One author says of them “The Princes of Les Baux were a barbaric race, … with wild mountain blood in their veins. Their association with Christianity was certainly not of a very intimate kind. They were a blind, bloodstained race, believing in violence and retaliation as the one and only means of grace in this world and troubling themselves, till the moment of death, with very little about the next. They generally reaped as they had sown; feared, hated, and often dying deaths as terrible as those which they had inflicted on their victims.” It was a powerful and influential family that married into a number of kingdoms and fiefdoms of Europe. They have been Dukes of Andrea; Princes of Joinville, Taranta, and Altamara; Sovereign Counts of Orange and Provence; and Kings of Vienne and Arles..."

After doing some research on the age of L48, L47,L44 and L46 on the Internet I found that there is no agreed age of these subclades. I found the age of L48 to be estimated anywhere from 500 BC to 1100 BC. I believe the lower estimate of 500 BC to be closer to the truth. My own estimates are that L48 branched off from R1b-U106 between 500-200 BC, L47 between 600-900 AD in the Frankish Empire, L44 between 900-1200 AD in Scotland and L46 between 1200-1500 AD in Britain. I speculate that the father of L47 was Gossallin of Maine of the 8th century; that the father of L44 was Phillip de Vaux of Galloway Scotland of the 12th century (or his father Rundolph de Vaux); and a member of the family of the Lords of Picton in Wales from the 13th century descended from Rundolph de Vaux was the father of L46. William de Vaux a brother of Phillip de Vaux and a Norman Knight went to Wales with Henry I or William II and became the first Lord of Picton from whom Sir Phillip de Picton of Newport was descended. Phillip's brother Sir William de Picton was the father-in-law of Sir John Wogan who built the present Castle in 1295. There are ruins of the earlier Castle built by the Norman Knight but the new Castle was built in a new location. Some may query why there are so many diferent surnames for L46 however I know from the study of my own y-dna in R1b M222 that there are numerous different surnames of people related to me within the last 600 years in the y-dna line.

1. Herve of Maine (grandson of Herve Duke of Maine (723)) married Godehilde Jewish princess of the Radbards
2. Gosselinn (Gauzelm) married Herimbue (Altatrude/Herriasbeuck)Princess of Orange daughter of William Isaac of Orange and Gellone [not to be confused with his uncle William Nathan of Gellone the Jewish Nasi of Septimania] and Lady Guibor of Narbonne
3. Rorgon (Roricon/Rorick) of Maine, Rennes and Les Baux married his neice Alatas Princess of Orange daughter of Hugon Prince of Orange. Their son Radbard or Rotbald is the ancestor of the Jewish L47 families.
4. Beraud (Bertrand)of Les Baux and Orange went to Normandy in 929 married Gerberge of Mercoeur (Makhiri)daughter of Ithier of Mercoeur
5. William de Baux Lord of Orange and Mercoeur married Gerberge daughter of Radbard (Rotbald de Arles) who also married Fulk II of Anjou
6. Robert de Vaux (Baux) married Alberada Hauteville of Falaise
7. Harald de Vaux went with William the Conqueror to England in 1066 with his three sons Hubert, Rundolph and Robert[ancestor of the L47 Fox family]
8. Rundolf de Vaux [founder of L44] whose son Phillip de Vaux went to Scotland
9. William de Vaux 1st Lord of Picton in Pembrokeshire Wales
10. Phillip de Picton
11 Sir William de Picton who had two sons William and Phillip
12 Sir Phillip de Picton of Newport {founder of L46]

Note 1: Herve or Charivius of Maine was the son of Rothgar or Roger of Maine. He may be a descendant of the Danish King Hroogar or Hrothgar son of Halbadaniz (Halfdan) of the sixth century. These kings descend from Sceaf. In the Norse Edda's the father of Sceaf is called Magi which may explain why the Les Baux family claimed descent from one of the three Magi (Baltazar) and had the Star of Bethlehem as their emblem. It seems to be a confused memory of their descent from the Baltic Goths. Rothgar of Maine was the father of Herve or Charivius and Gossalin Bishop of Maine. Herve's son Gozelin (named for his uncle the Bishop) was the father of Herve Count of Maine who married Godehilde of the Radbards.

Note 2: Dna can possibly mutate in a group rather than in an individual due to catastrophes, celestial events and other environmental factors. My personal feeling is that y-dna mutations back to about 600-700 BC are probably straight forward. Before this with the celestial events mentioned by Velikovsky and others in the 8th and 7th centuries BC and earlier in the 16th century and 15th centuries BC may have caused group and environmental mutations rather than individual ones. Geneticists are writing papers talking about environmental and other factors that may have affected the dna but many of us involved in genealogy and historical studies don't seem keen to listen as it might spoil the lovely dna trees we are developing. We all may turn out to be very wrong.

Note 3: It would seem that Harald de Vaux's Frankish name was Hunfroi de Vaux and that some anti-semitic Gentiles nicknamed him Herod after the Jewish King Herod. Herod or Herraud then became in England Harald. This seems to confirm that the family were still known to be Jews at this stage. His mother Alberada or Albertrude (Ava the Jewess/Ava Halabu) was a sister of the mother of William the Conqueror known as Harleva and Harlotta. In fact Harlotta's name is based on her title of Barbura ha Alufa-the Swan Chieftaness. Their father was the Barceloni Jewish Davidic Prince Mar Eliyahu Hiyya ben Barzillai (known as Richard de Mari and also was called Fulbert (Very Bright) and Tancredi (Thoughtful Counsellor). Hunfroi de Vaux was named after his mother's brother Hunfroi ( Hunfroi coming from Hen Tzvi=Graceful Deer)also called Henry or Humphrey de Mari and Abagelard. His cousin Hunfroi (known as Humphrey cum Barba) the son of his uncle Hunfroi also came to England with William. He was distinguished from his cousin by being known by his nickname of Herod. William the Conqueror had been reared as a Catholic as was fitting for the heir to the duchy of Normandy, however he brought many Jews with him to England including his aristocratic Jewish cousins. These early Norman kings conscious of their own recent Jewish background treated the Jews well in their Kingdom putting them directly under the control and protection of the King with the freedom to move wherever they desired within the Kingdom.

Note added July 2013: I no longer believe that the Rhodans of U152/ S28 belong to the Zerah -Judaites but are of the Tribe of Reuben. Their homeland can be traced by their trade route into the far East- to South East Asia to the area called by scientists Sundaland. Their homeland was south of Sundaland. They had a desert or Wilderness Kingdom on the edge of the Australian Inland Sea called the Kingdom of Heber. Its capital city was called Rhoda and the Rhoda in North America was named for this settlement. The original Governor-Generals (Pharoahs) of this southern colony was from Zerah-Juda but later through marriage the male line came from the Davidic House of Nathan. R1b-U106 belongs to the Tribe of Zebulon.

Also see R1b arrives in Europe post 1000 BC

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Cohanim R1b1b2 ht35 from first Temple Times

The family and group studies of R1b projects keep confounding the experts. The family projects of R1b M222 has drastically shortened the age of R1b and R1b1b2. Then the shock of shocks was that Tutankhamen is not only R1b1b2 but of ht15 demonstrating that R1b1b2 ht15 was also to be found in the Middle East at an early date (how early depends on whether you date him conventionally or by Velikovsky revision) and is not just some Crusader raping Jewish and Muslim women. Now R1b1b2 ht 35 found among those with traditional claims of Cohanim ancestry goes back to the time of the First Temple.

Sean Silver of the Cohane Jewish R1b project writes in December 2010:"...I just came back from the 6th annual International Conference of Genetic Genealogy, sponsored by Family Tree DNA, where I had the chance to talk to some of the world's foremost population geneticists and experts about our project. Interest is extremely high and our project itself was instrumental in compelling the scientific community to change the prevailing theory on R1b migration. They are now convinced that a portion of R1b, which includes a sizeable portion of our project, never entered Western Europe and that the genetic footprints left by our ancestors indicate a legitimate Middle Eastern origin...."

Sean Silver then lists eight findings: "...The following findings are different than what was first expected:
1. Far fewer evidence of admixture (introduction of non-Jewish DNA)
2. Far fewer clusters (groups of members with a recent common ancestor, within recorded history)
3. These clusters are far older
4. Almost half of our project members are part of a distinct and ancient Middle Eastern lineage, likely predating the founding of Judaism 4,000 years ago
5. We have roughly 300 members, all (save a rare few) of which have a definitive Jewish paternal lineage without a history of conversion
6. Those we do not have such a history are adopted, and were admitted because they closely match our clusters (I consulted with Bennett Greenspan, President of Family Tree DNA, on their inclusion)
7. Almost all our project members do not have any non-Jewish matches beyond the basic Y-12 YDNA test
8. We have 31 Cohanim (all of whom have an oral tradition of being Cohanim) in two distinct clusters, all of whom who only have Cohane matches. This lineage seems ancient and per Bennett Greenspan predates Roman times. It is possible, via a rough calculation, that they may have a common ancestor around 2,600 years ago (around the time of the first temple)..."
Sean then explains what this means : "So what does this mean? It means that at least half of our project members have been Jews since ancient times and almost all our members did not become Jews as a result of recent conversions. There is a chance that a sizeable portion of the other half may have Middle Eastern origins as well...".

I believe the one half of this group are the Cohanim, the other the Levites. Here we find families that for centuries claimed Cohen status that have genetic proof that they share a common cluster and that their common ancestor takes them back to First Temple Times. For me this demonstrates that they are the real Levites. The only other contender for Cohen is the J Cohens who would also seem to go back to First Temple times. Either the R1b or J2 or J1 are the Levitical Cohens descended from Aaron or they are the Samaritan-origin Cohens. When we look at the y-dna of the Samaritans we find both J2 and J1 and E1b but no R1b. We know that the Scriptures state that the Samaritans are not of Israelite blood but come from areas of the Assyrian Empire especially from Cuthath. I hold that the J y-dna is the Assyrian-Aramean y-dna and its brother I is possibly the Assyrian y-dna from Ashur the brother of Aram. Velikovsky in his writings ("Beyond the Mountains of Darkness") mentions that the Assyrians placed some of the Israelites into Europe in the area of the middle Volga near the city of Samara. Later the royal Ashur race of the Assyrians fled from the Persian conquest to Samara region and they later became known as the Samartians (I y-dna). The "Sons of Leah" Israelites (R1b Scythian Cimmerians) fled West from the Assyrians into the land of Arsareth. Later the R1a Josephite Scythians pushed the Samartians out of this region.

Sean Silver also shares how difficult it was for him to get anyone to accept that R1b could possibly be an old Jewish y-dna group but it seems that his project has forced many experts to accept that R1b is not just recent admixture in the Jewish community but goes back to ancient times. Others are having a hard time to get anyone to consider that even alot of R1b ht15 among Jews is from ancient Jewish families not just those whose ancestors have converted in recent times. One may start with the r1b1b2 L21 Ashkenazim of Eastern Europe that seem to be a distinct Jewish group among Jews. There are also Sephardi Jews of this R1b L21 haplogroup. This group is found only in small percentages in Spain (5%) and that Sephardi Jews have it, leads one to consider that the Catholics of R1b L21 are of crypto Jewish ancestry [which some of them indeed claim to be]. I believe this L21 group is of Davidic lineage. This is also the group of much of Europe's Royalty who until recent times usually married among themselves.

One criticism of Sean Silver is that he assumes that all R1b1b2 ht15 is non-Jewish. It seems that those who will follow in demonstrating that certain ht15 Jews have been Jews for centuries may come up against the same kind of battles that Sean himself experienced. We all owe a debt of gratitude to people like Sean Silver who are running family and small group Dna projects which are revealing the truth at a much more rapid rate than would have happened otherwise. The openness of the data to the general public protects against misuse by entrenched academic elites.

also read R1b Davidic sons of Joseph of Arimathea

Note: There is also an Ashkenazi cluster from Belarus that is R-L21 and has traditional Levite status for many generations. It would seem that this group is in fact of R1b Davidic ydna not R1b Levite. Their ancestor was a scion of the Davidic dynasty who took ha Levi identity in the Middle Ages possibly from a maternal ancestor of the ha Levi families.

Thursday, December 16, 2010

Dating of the Flood and the Creation of Adam

In some of my past writings I stated that the Great Flood of Noah occurred about 2700 BC. I came to this figure by using the Book of Jubilees in conjunction with the dating of the Exodus in the 15th century BC. Others using the Massoretic and Septuagint come to other dates. I also dated the Tower of Babel to 2313/2 BC. I now have revised my opinion and date the Flood to 2343-2 BC or 2404 BC and the Tower of Babel to 2170 BC.

I also noticed that the Jewish calendar is about 200 or more years too short but in Judaism there is a higher date that takes these missing years into account though not often spoken about. One of the Rabbis in the Yeshivah I attended in Israel mentioned it but then quickly changed the subject. The shorter calendar was preferred as there is a Jewish tradition that new revelation of the Torah would end 4000 years after Creation. The shorter Calendar served two purposes it gave time for the writing of the Mishnah and moved the end of the 4000 years away from the birth of Jesus. Some talk about 163 missing years due to calendar shifts. However I believe the missing years come mainly from the dating of the time the Israelites were in Egypt. The short date supporters believe that the 430 years refers to the time of Abraham to the Exodus and thus the Israelites were only in Egypt for 215 years rather than 430.

As a devout Catholic Jew I also take the dating of Blessed Anne Catharine Emmerich in her visions seriously which states that Jesus said the Creation of man took place 4028 years before the time he was speaking (he was 31 at the time). I also noticed that Luisa Piccaretta also speaks of the 4000 years before Jesus' birth. Thus I was loathe to accept a date older than 4000 BC. I was convinced at the time that my dating of the Flood to 2700 BC was correct. This however meant that there was only 1300 year period before the Flood. Previously I had been happy with a date of 5500 BC for the Creation of Adam but reading Emmerich and Picarreta made me pause and review my ideas.

Jewish sources also speak about a 2000 years of chaos without the Torah from Adam to Abraham. And then a 2000 year period of Torah beginning with Abraham. Then a 2000 year Messianic Era follow by a 1000 year Sabbath Rest. Luisa also says something very similiar.

My reading of the dates in the Massoretic and Septuagint just didn't fit. For some reason I had used the book of Jubilees to date the Flood and the Exodus but I had not gone back from Noah to Adam in the Book of Jubilees. How surprised and pleased I was when I read that the Book of Jubilees gives the antediluvian period as 1308 years and that the Samaritan Bible gives the period as 1307. Thus I could now have a date of 4000 BC for the Creation and still keep my dating of the Flood around 2700 BC. However with further study of all the evidence I went back to the Masoretic based dates which gives the 2340+/-5 and using the Book of Jubilees with the Masoretic text 2404 BC.

Jesus also said in the visions of Anne Catharine Emmerich that there had been other ways of dating the years which is why there were differences. We know from Velikovsky that the year was 360 days and before the Exodus it was different again and also before the Flood. Emmerich in mystic vision said: "...The scholars of the present day who write about Egypt are in gross error. They accept so many things concerning the Egyptians as history, science, and learning, which nevertheless have no other foundation than astrology and false visions. That any nation could remain as stupid and beastly as the Egyptians is a proof of it. But these savants reject such demoniacal inspirations and practices as impossible. They esteem the Egyptians more ancient than they really are, because in those early times they appear to have possessed such knowledge of abstruse and hidden things.But I saw that, even at the coming of Semiramis to Memphis, these people, in their pride had designedly confused their calendar. Their ambition was to take precedence of all nations in point of time. With this end in view, they drew up a number of complicated calendars and royal genealogical tables. By this and frequent changes in their computations, order and true chronology were lost. That this confusion might be firmly established, they perpetuated every error by inscriptions and the erection of great buildings. For a long time they reckoned the ages of father and son, as if the date of the former’s demise were that of the latter’s birth. The kings, who waged constant war with the priests on the subject of chronology, inserted among their forefathers the names of persons that never existed. Thus the four kings of the same name who reigned simultaneously in Thebes, Heliopolis, Memphis, and Sais, were in accordance with this design, reckoned one after the other I saw too that once they reckoned nine hundred and seventy days to a year, and again, years were computed as months. I saw a pagan priest drawing up a chronological table in which for every five hundred years, eleven hundred were set down. I saw these false computations of the pagan priests at the same time that I beheld Jesus teaching on the Sabbath at Aruma. Jesus speaking before the Pharisees of the call of Abraham and his sojourn in Egypt, exposed the errors of the Egyptian calendar. He told them that the world had now existed 4028 years. When I heard Jesus say this, He was himself thirty-one years old."

Venerable Mary of Agreda gives the year of the Creation as 5199 BC which seems to agree with many Septuagint manuscripts and the Roman martyrologies- however I suspect this is using another method of enumerating the years. Velikovsky seems to be saying that the length of the year in the Middle Kingdom was about 225 days long. A Midrash states that there was a period when the earth revolved round the sun 400 times in 210 years- this may have been the 210 year period between the cataclysm of the Tower of Babel in 2313 BC (or 2170 BC) until about 2100 (or 1960 BC) in the time of Abraham (Sodom and Gommorah etc). It would also seem that the year was 360 days after the Exodus until 747 BC. However If the year was also shorter after the Flood until the tower of Babel, then we may get to where 4000 BC based on 365.24 days equals 5199 BC based on counting revolutions of the earth round the sun. It would seem that the year was 364 days before the Flood according to the Book of Enoch and Enoch speaking in the Book of Jubilees. Some writers believe that the the year before the Flood had 360 days basing it on the account in Genesis. However Moses is beholding the Torah in a time where the year is now 360 days, so it is only natural that he describes it from the time perspective of the 360 days calendar. Even before the Flood the year may have changed after major cataclysmic events such as when a third of the earth was flooded in the days of Enosh.

While reading and reflecting on Ramban's commentary on Torah in my holy hours of adoration, I came upon a reference by Ramban (Nahmanides) to Rambam about the genealogy of the nations connecting with the principles of the Creation of the world. Rambam (Maimonides) writes in Moreh Nebuchim III:50: "...the time which elapsed from Adam to Moses was not more than about two thousand five hundred years...". Thus Maimonides confirms that Adam was created about 4000 BC. website also mentions this statement of the Rambam and then mentions another place where he speak of the 2,500 years: "...When the Rambam discusses the mitzvah of shemitta and yovel, he identifies the precise historical year this mitzvah first took place as follows: “When did they first start to count? 14 years after they entered the land…7 years they were involved in conquering, seven years in dividing up the land…it therefore turns out that on the two thousandth, five hundred and third year from the Rosh Hashana of molad Adam haRishon, being the second year of creation (the first 5 days of creation were the last 5 days of the first virtual year of creation - see Rosh haShana 8a Tosfos s.v. Litkufos), they started to count. (Hilchos Shemitta v’Yovel 10:2)..."

Note: Of course those who accept the evolutionary beliefs will think I am mad. I have held different beliefs at different periods of my life about evolution and the age of the earth and the age of man but now hold to the age of man as 6000 years- the more I read and study the more I am convinced of this. Evolutionists often like to make out that anyone who doesn't believe in their ideas is an ignorant and uneducated hillbilly. I may be a hillbilly but I am certainly not uneducated and I know many well- degreed people who also do not hold with evolutionary theory. However I am always open to new evidence and being convinced otherwise. I also accept that one can be a sincere Catholic and hold to evolutionary ideas, this is an area which the Church leaves to science and the individual Catholic (with certain clarifications)to hold to the theories which they find most convincing. Both Pope Benedict XVI and Father Stanley Jaki (who personally both hold to some kind of evolutionary belief)have said that Catholics must not say that evolution is a proven fact.

The Mystery of Gomer and Riphath

The Gaelic accounts of the ancestors of the Milesians and Scots sometimes mention Rifath Scot as an ancestor and in other accounts they mention Gomer. Both Gomer and Riphath are mentioned as descendants of Japhet in Genesis and that their lands are in the Isles of the Goyim (Europe) after the Flood. They later left Europe during the advent of the Ice Age and moved to the East and the South. The lands they left retained their names and later people entering Europe at the end of the Ice Age (1500 BC) became associated with their names.

The Jewish Book of Jasher associates Riphath with Western France and the British Isles (the Isles of Riphath). It refers to the Riphathi as Bartonim and their land as Bartonia (Britannia). They live by the river Ledah (Lud/ London). This may allude to the fact that the English Channel at this time before the Ice Age was a river.Ledah may also be the river Loire and the Bartonim refer to the Bretons. The Josippon calls the Ledah the river Lira. The name Ledah alludes to the story of Leda and the Swan and the Thames River was famous for its Swans. Edmund Spencer in the 16th century links the Thames river and two swans swimming on it with the story of Jove and Leda. Leda was the mother of Helen of Troy and British legend has long associated London with New Troy (Trinovantes) which later was called Lud and then London. It would seem that King Lud was named after the River. Dun Lud- the fortress of Lud became Londinium under the Romans. The Swan has been for centuries the official emblem of the Thames River and the swans there are called the Royal Swans as they are protected by Royal charter.

Gomer in the Book of Jasher is associated with France and the River Senah (Seine). The name of Riphath is connected with the refining of metals and later the lands of Riphath in France and the British Isles was called Tzarefat which also has a meaning connected with the refining of metals. The British Isles were also called the Casserides or Tin Isles. Both Riphath or Refat and Tza-refat have the Refat in the name. France is today called Tzarfat in Hebrew. Radak and Rashi referred to France as the Exile of Tzarefat mentioned in Obadiah, the place where the Lost Tribes were located. The Book of Jasher and the Josippon seem to draw on a common source before the 10th century for the identification of the lands in Europe.

The Book of Jasher in Chapter 10 states "...7 And these are the sons of Japheth according to their families, Gomer, Magog, Medai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras; these are the children of Japheth according to their generations. 8 And the children of Gomer, according to their cities, were the Francum, who dwell in the land of Franza, by the river Franza, by the river Senah. 9 And the children of Rephath are the Bartonim, who dwell in the land of Bartonia by the river Ledah, which empties its waters in the great sea Gihon, that is, oceanus. 10 And the children of Tugarma are ten families, and these are their names: Buzar, Parzunac, Balgar, Elicanum, Ragbib, Tarki, Bid, Zebuc, Ongal and Tilmaz; all these spread and rested in the north and built themselves cities. 11 And they called their cities after their own names, those are they who abide by the rivers Hithlah and Italac unto this day. 12 But the families of Angoli, Balgar and Parzunac, they dwell by the great river Dubnee; and the names of their cities are also according to their own names. 13 And the children of Javan are the Javanim who dwell in the land of Makdonia, and the children of Medaiare are the Orelum that dwell in the land of Curson, and the children of Tubal are those that dwell in the land of Tuskanah by the river Pashiah. 14 And the children of Meshech are the Shibashni and the children of Tiras are Rushash, Cushni, and Ongolis; all these went and built themselves cities; those are the cities that are situate by the sea Jabus by the river Cura, which empties itself in the river Tragan. 15 And the children of Elishah are the Almanim, and they also went and built themselves cities; those are the cities situate between the mountains of Job and Shibathmo; and of them were the people of Lumbardi who dwell opposite the mountains of Job and Shibathmo, and they conquered the land of Italia and remained there unto this day. 16 And the children of Chittim are the Romim who dwell in the valley of Canopia by the river Tibreu. 17 And the children of Dudonim are those who dwell in the cities of the sea Gihon, in the land of Bordna. 18 These are the families of the children of Japheth according to their cities and languages, when they were scattered after the tower, and they called their cities after their names and occurrences; and these are the names of all their cities according to their families, which they built in those days after the tower..."

The Jewish Book of Jasher was edited in the early Medieval period to identify the places mentioned in the original but is drawing on ancient information. We see here that Job is mentioned as connected with Europe. This seems to be confirmed by Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich who mentions Job living in a land over mountains in the North. His tribe was forced to move South due to the advent of cold weather.

In the Bible there are two Gomers mentioned- one male and one female. The male Gomer is a descendant of Japhet. The female Gomer is the prostitute wife of Hosea- she becomes a symbol of the Lost Tribes of Israel. Yair Davidy of Britam recently discovered that the late Rebbe of Ger, Rabbi Israel Alter, writes in his book "Beis Yisroel" that the descendants of Joseph would be called Gamer and Gomrim. The Rebbe of Ger teaches: "...And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for he had placed the children of Israel under solemn oath, saying, 'God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones [essence] from here with you' (Exodus 13:19). Perhaps this hints at the completion [GaMeR] of carrying out a commandant. This is why the Children of Israel are called GOMRIM [Gomerites? Completers?], [as Joseph said] "and you shall carry up my bones [essence] from here" (Genesis 50:25). This is the point concerning all Redemption of the Children of Israel from all their Places of Exile, that they will be called GaMeR [Gomer]. They are advised to use the Torah and the power of Moses to keep the Sanctity of the Covenant [Sexual Morality] and they will be redeemed as we may learn from the Holy Books... they join together. Joseph is great and amongst his brothers there is none greater. Moses is great and in Israel there is none greater. The indication is that through them both will there be virtue ensuring the continued endurance of the Children of Israel. ..."

Another Gomer is mentioned in the Milesian traditions and is associated with Kamiros or Kamira on the island of Rhodes. In some accounts this child of Rhoda is a son, in others a daughter. I believe that this Gomer or Kamir {of R1b-l21 y-dna] is the ancestor of the Cymri of Wales. This Welsh Gomer is named after the older Gomer who was married to Hosea. The people of Israel/Joseph[of R1b-u106 y-dna] associated with the name Gomer are the Cimmerians who went to live in the future Frankish lands.

The Bible makes it clear that the Lost Tribes would be living North West of Israel in the Isles of the Goyim (also called the isles of the West or Isles of the Sea) in the latter days. The sons of Japhet were removed from Europe in preparation for the arrival of the Israelites who are now hidden as Gentiles in the Isles of the Gentiles. It would seem that the Gaelic scribes confused the name of Rafael for their healing kings or Exilarchs with the name of Riphath given to the British Isles and with the Milesian Riffians of Morocco and created the person of Riphath Scot as a Milesian ancestor. In recension B of the Lebor Gabala Erren it has Rifath Scot son of Gomer going to Babylon rather than Fenius son of Nel. It would thus seem that this is a confused rememberance that Fenius (Phineas)was from the Isles of Riphath in the land of Scotia. Thus Phineas is remembered as Fenius of Scottish Riphath and the scribes or bards link this to Riphath son of Gomer mentioned in Genesis.

The anointed healing Monarchies of England, France and Scotland who touched for healing followed in the tradition of these Davidic Exilarchs descended from the Rafael Rosh Galuta's who became Kings. In British legend they were remembered as Fisherkings.

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Middle Eastern R1b y-dna

In a recent posting to the Britam website an interesting study of the y-dna of northern Iraqi Jews, Armenians and Chaldean/Assyrian Christians are mentioned. All three groups should have a significant amount of R1b y-dna if the y-dna of the Israelite Patriarchs is R1b. The Armenians have always believed that certain groups of Israelites passed through their lands and left an impact on their population. The Chaldean and Assyrian Christians of Iraq also should have significant R1b as they are believed to descend from the Jewish Christians of Iraq.

What are the results? The recent studies reveal that over a quarter of North Iraqi Jews, Armenians and Chaldean/Assyrian Christians have R1b y-dna. Family studies such as those who belong to R1b M222 have demonstrated that mutations take place quicker than the evolutionists would like us to believe. The ridiculously ancient datings seems to dismiss the major movements of people in the last 4,000 years. It is interesting that many are talking about the last ice age as ending 15,000 years ago whereas Velikovsky demonstrated that it ended 3500 years ago. The so-called Neolithic farmers of Europe were post 1500 BC and not 9,000 years ago.

Another source quoted on the Britam website states: "...Then another new controversy materialised, as large numbers of the population started to take genetic tests to find their relatives. Those who embarked upon this journey were looking for close matches with others in the databases, which were held by the genetic testing companies. As a result of more and more people publishing their test results through the internet other anomalies have suddenly appeared. It was found that markers have mutated between cousins in the same family, when estimates calculated through population studies predicted that these same markers would not mutate for hundreds or even thousands of years. This evidence indicated a serious flaw in genetic dating methods and seriously discredited any dating related to population statistics that had been made in the last few years..."

The above diagramme of the Ice Age demonstrates how quickly our knowledge is changing in regard to the origins and movements of the y-dna groups. This diagramme shows R1b, I and R1a sitting in Refugia waiting for the Ice Age to end before expanding into Europe. We now know that all three groups originated in the Middle East and spread from there beginning in the Bronze and Iron ages in Europe (after 1500 BC according to Velikovsky). R1b represents the Israelite presence in Europe, I the Assyrian/Samartian and R1a the Edomite. Studies have demonstrated that the dna of the Neolithic period in Europe is different to today's Europeans. Thus the movement of these groups into Europe could have begun at the earliest in the Bronze Age. Another recent study stated that R1b were farmers from the middle East from the regions of Iraq and Syria.

David Deryshire writes: "...Most Britons are direct descendants of farmers who left modern day Iraq and Syria... a new study has shown. After studying the DNA of more than 2,000 men, researchers say they have compelling evidence that four out of five white Europeans can trace their roots to the Near East. The discovery is shedding light on one of the most important periods of human history - the time when our ancient ancestors abandoned hunting and began to domesticate animals. They found that 80 per cent of European men shared the same Y chromosone mutation and after analysing how the mutation was distributed across Europe, were able to retrace how Europe was colonised...Britons are descended from farmers who migrated from the Persian Gulf...European farming the Fertile Crescent - a region extending from the eastern Mediterranean coast to the Persian Gulf and which includes modern day Iraq, Syria, Israel and southeast Turkey. The region was the cradle of civilisation and home to the Babylonia, Sumer and Assyrian empires...Some archaeologists have argued that some of these early farmers travelled around the world - settling new lands and bringing farming skills with them...'In total more than 80 per cent of European men have Y chromosomes which descend from incoming farmers. 'It seems odd to think that the majority of men in Ireland have fore fathers from the near East and that British people have forefathers from the near East.' The findings are published in the science journal PLoS Biology. Dr Patricia Balaresque, a co-author of the study, said: 'This means that more than 80 per cent of European Y chromosomes descend from incoming farmers.'.."

Yair Davidy writes: "...Until recently the accepted ancestry of most people of West European origin was assumed to be thousands of miles away from the Middle East and ten thousands of years back. It is now becoming accepted that the place of ancestry was the Middle East...and instead of 100s or 10s of thousands of years the difference between Brit-Am and the scientific CONJECTURE is ca. 1000 years. The Scientists now agree that European Neolithic DNA for males is DIFFERENT from that of today. They therefore say that the ancestors of today's population must have arrived in in Europe in the Early Bronze Age i.e. ca. 2000-1500 BCE. We say the time of Exile of the Ten Tribes was in ca. 700 BCE and from there they went to Western Europe in stages. Other peoples from the Middle East (Assyrians, Moabites, Ammonites, Canaanites, Edomites, Aramaeans, etc) may also have contributed to the genetic make-up of Europe and migrated earlier. Whether the ancestors of West Europeans really did arrive in the Early Bronze Age is however uncertain. The scientists do not KNOW for sure or even to any reasonable degree of certainty. No reliable tests are yet available. Tests from Neolithic Times have been published PROVING that Neolithic Peoples were not the ancestors of most Europeans. The next stage downward is the Early Bronze Age which is later BUT tests from this later time have not yet been published! So we do not know. Even if we did know and results were available (and they are not) and if theoretically they were to show that the European Ancestors were then present in the west we could contest the Chronology and Dating since at all events we have claims against the Dating as it is. We have not yet however reached that stage and I somehow doubt we will.I have seen indications that some tests indicate that even in MEDIEVAL TIMES OF LESS THAN A THOUSAND YEARS AGO the DNA of Europe was somewhat different. We suspect some of the scientific researchers in effect already agree with us but do not know how to reconcile it with history as it is conventionally understood..."

If we take Velikovsky's chronology by shortening Egyptian history by 500-600 years, then the Bronze Age begins in Europe around 1400 BC and lasts until 900 BC. We thus also shorten Mycenean and Minoan history. Velikovsky dates the Trojan war to the early 7th century [687 AD] and Homer to the mid 7th century. The Dorians arrived in Greece about 700 according to Velikovsky. The Dorians came from the Israelite port city of Dor. The Dorians being Israelites fleeing the Assyrian conquest. The Dorians belonged to R1b y-dna. Some argue about whether R1b originated in the Caucasus or Anatolia. We know that both these places were places where the Assyrians exiled the Israelites to in the 8th century. It is in fact Israel that is the place of origin for R1b.

It is interesting that a recent study on Ancient Nordic dna (Melchoir et al) also shows that the dna in Southern Scandanavia today arrived in the late Iron Age and not the Neolithic or Bronze Age. Another study shows that Neolithic German y-dna is very different to the modern. Davidski writes: "I woke up this morning to find that Europe's oldest confirmed Y-DNA haplogroups are now G2a3 and F* (and not R1a1a anymore). That's what Haak et al. discovered after testing early Neolithic LBK remains from Germany. However, it appears these German ancients had much more in common genetically with Near Easterners than with Europeans. Indeed, the data in this paper strongly suggests that these LBK communities were the result of long range expeditions deep into Europe by people looking for new farm land. It seems they originated somewhere around modern-day Anatolia, possibly as far as Iran, and didn't leave much of an imprint on our (ie. European) genetics, at least as far as mtDNA and Y-DNA are concerned..."

We know from the Bible that after the Great Flood of Noah (about 2700 BC)Europe was settled by the clans of Japheth. Europe was called the Isles of the Goyim. Europe was warm at this time. About 2300 BC major cataclysmic events happened and the techtonic plates shifted and the oceans began to rapidly cool. One writer states: "...The cause of ice ages remains controversial for both the large-scale ice age periods and the smaller ebb and flow of glacial/interglacial periods within an ice age. The general consensus is that it is a combination of several important factors: atmospheric composition (the relative amounts of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, sulfur dioxide, and various other gases and particulates in the atmosphere), changes in the Earth's orbit around the Sun known as Milankovitch cycles (and possibly the Sun's orbit around the galaxy), the motion of tectonic plates resulting in changes in the relative location and amount of continental and oceanic crust on the Earth's surface, variations in solar output, the orbital dynamics of the Earth-Moon system, the impact of relatively large meteorites, and eruptions of supervolcanoes..." During the time of Job about 2200 BC the weather started to freeze and many tribes had to flee to the South.

Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich speaks about the advent of the cold weather in the Northern lands at the time of Job. It is interesting that the Book of Job seems to allude to the advent of the Ice Age. One Creation Science website states:
"...Interestingly, there seem to be certain references to this Ice Age in the ancient book of Job (37:9–10, 38:22–23, 29–30), who perhaps lived in its waning years. (Job lived in the land of Uz, Uz being a descendant of Shem [Gen. 10:23], so that most conservative Bible scholars agree that Job probably lived at some time between the Tower of Babel and Abraham.) God questioned Job from a whirlwind, ‘Out of whose womb came the ice? And the frost of the heavens, who fathered it? The waters are hidden like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen’ (Job 38:29–30). Such questions presuppose Job knew, either firsthand or by historical/family records, what God was talking about. This is probably a reference to the climatic effects of the Ice Age—effects not now seen in the Middle East...". During the Ice Age in Europe the Middle East and Egypt were already in the Bronze Age. At this time R1b y-dna was to be mainly found in Egypt, Palestine, Lebanon and posssibly in Egypto-Israelite colonies in Crete, Sardinia, Greece, Cyprus, Anatolia and Iberia and the islands.

Note: It would seem some scientists are coming closer to the ideas of Immanuel Velikovsky all the time, just as many historians and archeologists are accepting some of his ideas such as the Exodus occuring in the time of the 13th dynasty. A new book "Magnetic Reversals and Evolutionary Leaps" by Michael Rampino says that the idea of Darwinian gradualism is proved to be wrong. For an interesting article on Mt-dna rates see Sean D Pitman

Monday, December 13, 2010

Heber Scot and I Chronicles 4

When I was a teenager I was fascinated with reading the Milesian genealogies and I would catch the train to Perth and go to the State Library and read the Milesian genealogies of O'Hart. At that time or soon after I realised that the ancient Irish bards and monks had somewhat confused the stories by trying to piece together the genealogies and tales to match with the Bible. We see a bold attempt to link the Milesian genealogies with the Bible. However the monks seemed to have got confused and in some accounts they claim the Milesians descend from Noah and Japheth through Magog, others claim through Javan and others through Gomer.

However I noticed a strange parallel with the genealogies and 1 Chronicles 4:17-18. The Milesian accounts speak of the person of Heber Scot and I noticed that here was a Heber father of Soco. Many speak of the father of Heber as Gede(Gaythelos)and I noticed the name Gedor. Even the connection with Noah seems to have come from the name Zanoah mentioned here in this passage on the Ezrahites or Zerahites of the Tribe of Judah. The Milesian genealogies also are headed with the name Baath or Bathath which alludes to Bithiah the daughter of Pharoah who married Mered. This Baath is confused with a later Bat Scotia who is the mother of Phineas or Fenius. The Milesian genealogies also include the name Esru and Sru which alludes to Ezra or Esri (in the Septuagint). They also mention Jara which alludes to Jered.

"And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa. And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took." [1 Chronicles 4:17-18]

It is clear that the original accounts of the Milesians referred to their descent from Zerah Judah and this passage from 1 Chronicles 4. The original manuscripts were most likely written in the ancient Hebrew-Phoenician Script and the Ogam Script and caused the monks difficulties in reading them. One fortunately today can begin to reconstruct the genealogies and stories by referring to the Irish Annals and the Lebor Gabala Erenn, Geoffrey Keating, Nennius and John of Fordun among other sources.

Due to the repeated naming patterns in the first and second centuries it is obvious that the inhabitants of Ireland, Britian and Scotland had an already developed literature of the Milesian History. These repeated names however has caused much confusion to the later scribes who tried to preserve these stories and genealogies by creating an ancient history of Ireland linked to the Biblical events.

The sources mention the Milesian ancestors being in Egypt on two occassions. They speak about a daughter of Pharoah called Scota in both accounts. The first is when the Zerahites were in Egypt in the time of Mered who was the vizier of Egypt and married to Bithiah the daughter of Pharoah. The second time was when the daughters of Zedekiah who were the granddaughters of pharoah Ramses II (Necho II). These daughters are Sukkota (Istnofret/Isetnofret) and Tamar (Tia).

According to some writers Sukkota or Scota went to Spain and Tia to Ireland. However it was their descendants that went to Spain and Ireland. I believe Sukkota as the granddaughter of Rameses II was buried in her own tomb in Saqqara. The National Geographic reported in March 2009: "A 3,000-year-old noblewoman's tomb complex has been uncovered in Egypt, archaeologists announced Tuesday. The tomb has been identified as belonging to a woman named Isisnofret—possibly the granddaughter of Pharaoh Ramses II... Hieroglyphics on a sarcophagus in the tomb identify Isisnofret as a spst, or noblewoman—an honorific reserved for women of the royal family or of otherwise exceptional status. Long hidden by sand and rubble on a rocky outcrop on the outskirts the ancient royal burial city of Saqqara, the complex measures 89 by 34 feet (27 by 10 meters)..."

Just as Velikovsky demonstrated that the Egyptian priests and later the Egyptologists have exaggerated and extended Egyptian history so the Irish monks did the same with Irish history to complete with the antiquity of Egypt. For many years certain writers have spoken of Zedekiah's daughter called Tamar Tephi or Tea Tephi who lived in Egypt. Tia is a Hebrew nick-name or diminuitive for the name Tamar or Tamara. And when one realigns Egyptian history then this Princess starts to make sense. Ramses II had a sister called Tia or Tiya so we see it is a name found in the Royal Family of Rameses. We also see that Ramses II had a daughter who was also his wife called Bint-Anath (Bat-Osnat) whose name is purely Hebrew or Phoenician. She is the daughter of Ramses II's wife Queen Isnetnofret who is not of the Egyptian Royal family but most likely the daughter of Oskoron (Sokar/ Socho) the Chief Prince of Ma (Mu/ Milesians/ Meshwesh). Isis or Isnet is the Egyptian for the Hebrew Osnat or Asenath and nofret means beautiful. Thus Isnetnofret means Asenath the Beautiful. This for me confirms that the Jewish genius Velikovsky was correct in his placing of Ramses II at the time of the Exile of Judah to Babylon.

It is also possible that Tia's sister Sukkota or Scota was also known as Asenath and in Egypt became Isnetnofret of Saqqara. Saqqara (Sakkara) being remembered as Sukkota or Scota just as Tephi was a shortening of the name for Tahpanhes. Saqqara was originally named for Sokar the Egyptian God of the underworld and some of the descendants of Nilius and Asenath of Sakkara went to Morocco where they were called the Beni Sakkar. This Berber tribe later returned to Egypt from Morocco for which the village of Saqqara is said to be named. Others of the Beni Sakkar or Skalota went to Rhodes and to the Milesian colonies in the Black Sea region which became known as Scythia after their ancestress.

The name of Libyan was once given to the Berbers and it would seem that when the Milesian accounts speak of the Milesians going to Libya they mean to Morocco which was populated by Libyan or Berber tribes. The Gaelic histories speak of Rifath Scot which may allude to the Riffians (Tarifti) of Morocco. The name of one of the Milesians who invaded Ireland was called Amergin and one name for the Berbers was Amerzigh. It is believed that there was a Jewish Kingdom in Morocco in Second Temple times. The Jewish Morocco webiste states: "...Other Jews moved inland from Cyrenaica (Libya), converted Berber tribes, and established settlements in the foothills, mountains and desert oases of Algeria and Morocco. Some of these Jews did not recognize the authority of the Talmud, as evidenced by the writings of religious leaders in Sijilmassa, near today's desert oasis town of Rissani..." The language of the Riffians was called Tamazight.

The Beni Sakkar were descended from the followers of the Hebrew Prince of the Line of Zerah Judah called Soco or Sokho ben Heber. The Egyptians later deified him as Sokar the God of the underworld. It would seem that some of the Milesians used also the name of Soco or Sokar in honour of their ancestor Soco ben Heber, others used the name Godoni or Godoli in honour of their ancestor Gedor. It would seem that the murdered Godol or Gedaliah belonged to this clan of Zerah Judah. When Asenath married Nilius she became known as the Lady of the Socot. The original Lady of the Socot was the wife of Soco or Sokar called Sekhmet or Sekhet (Sokhot) who was seem as a Lioness (Ariela)and also called the Scarlet Lady. Red and Green are associated with the Milesians and Sokar is the Green Man and his wife the Scarlet or Red Lady. Zerah ben Judah is associated with the Scarlet or Crimson Thread in the account in Genesis.

It is also interesting that the Milesian emblem according to Geoffrey Keating was a version of the Nehushtan (a serpent entwined on the cross-like rod of Moses). "...This celebrated standard, the "Sacred Banner of the Milesians," was a flag on which was represented a dead serpent and the rod of Moses; a device to commemorate forever among the posterity of Gadelius the miracle by which his life had been saved. The story of this event, treasured with singular pertinacity by the Milesians, is told as follows in their traditions, which so far I have been following: While Gadelius, being yet a child, was sleeping one day, he was bitten by a poisonous serpent. His father--Niul, a younger son of the king of Scythia--carried the child to the camp of the Israelites, then close by, where the distracted parent with tears and prayers implored the aid of Moses. The inspired leader was profoundly touched by the anguish of Niul. He laid the child down, and prayed over him; then he touched with his rod the wound, and the boy arose healed..." The Nehushtan was a Jewish Christian symbol of the crucified Messiah and the Tree of life and the Attributes of God. It was later found in the Calalus artefacts found in Tucson Arizona. Gaedal son of Niall lived in the 1st-2nd century AD and was a descendant of Joseph of Arimathea not the Neleus the Milesian who was in Egypt in 586 BC (or 460 BC according to a revised chronology).

Gaedal and his father Niall (Nel) were born in Babylon where Niall's father Phinchas (Phineas)was the Rosh Yeshiva of the Kinyani Jewish Christian Yeshivah. Gaedal is said to have gone to Brigantia in Spain where his grandfather Phares had rebuilt the Tower (the famous Roman lighthouse now called the tower of Hercules)that his Milesian ancestor Breogan had built in the 3rd century BC. The Spanish remember Gaedal as Gatelo and state that his wife was Scota. He later becomes the Abbot of Glastonbury. The name Bat Scotia or Scota was the title of the eldest daughter of the Rosh Galuta of Scotia. The wife of Gaedal was the daughter of the Rosh Galuta Scotia Nathaniel II and his wife Bat Scotia (Daughter/Lady of Scots). Gaedal was the great grandfather of Heber Scot. Heber Scot left Glastonbury with his father known as Sru (Ezra or Zerah) and went to Scotia. His great great grandson Agnan (Agni) left Scotia and sailed the islands of the Northern Sea. His son Lamhfionn settled in Gothia in Sweden. His grandson Agne or Agnan was the son of Heber and his wife Glunn the daughter of Dag the Wise.

Some refer to the Heber of the Milesian invasion who is a brother of Heremon as Heber Scot as well as this second Heber Scot. In fact this line were known as the Red Heber Lords or Red Hebrew Lords. Heremon comes from the name of Heman or Hemon who was also a Zerahite Vizier in Egypt and the architect of the Great Pyramid. That the genealogy in Chronicles does refer to the Zerahites we see in 1 Kings 4 that the Zerahites as also called Ezrahites. "For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his fame was known in all the surrounding nations." Mahol the son of Zerah was called Nefermaat by the Egyptians and his wife Atet or Itet was a daughter of Ephraim who was known to the Egyptians as Sneferu. Mahol(Mehu) Nefermaat was the husband of the eldest daughter of Sneferu, but Egyptologists believe he is the son rather than the son-in-law of Sneferu. He was also a Vizier of Egypt. The Petrie Museum website states: "The vizier was in almost all periods the head of the administration. The title king's son might mean that Nefermaat was really the son of a king, but there are many examples, especially from the Old Kingdom, where the title was honorific. In the Egyptian language, 'son' could also mean grandson or even great-grandson. Because of the importance of Nefermaat, which can be seen at his huge tomb, he is often regarded as real son of king Snefru. However there is no proof for that." Heman's son Merari (Mereruka) was also a Vizier of Egypt to Inyotef Teti and was the father of Mered (Meriteti) also a Vizier of Pepi I Meryre. (To understand my redating of the Egyptian dynasties see the Rose Dynasty)

Saturday, December 4, 2010

The Book of the Scottish Kabbalah

Arthur's Seat Edinburgh also called the Lion's Head

The "Lebor Kabbalah Scotia" is found preserved by the Irish monks in the Lebor Gabala Erenn. This is a reconstruction of part of the original Scottish document that has been inserted by the monks into the history of Ireland. They confuse the history of the Scottish and Irish Jewish Christian Exilarchs descended from Mar Joseph of Arimathea with earlier Biblical events.

"...Bithiah(Bat Scota) of her are descended the Gaedil and the people of Scotia. She had a son, the noble eminent man whose name was Phineas ben Phares. This is that Phineas (Feinius) who had the great school (Yeshivah)for the learning of the multiplicity of divine sciences in the land of Babylon.

Now Phineas had two sons: Nathaniel I (Nenual/Nechtanebus), whom he left in the princedom of Scotia (Rosh Galuta Scotia)behind him; Nel (Niall), the other son, at Babyon was he born. Now Phineas was a master of all the divine sciences; wherefore one came [to summon him] from Phares [his father who was the Exilarch of Scotia], in order to teach the multiplicity of divine sciences from him. So Phineas came out of Asia (Palestine and Babylon) to Scotia, whence he had gone for the building of the Yeshivah; so that he died in the princedom of Scotia, at the end of forty years, and passed on the chieftainship to his son, Nathaniel I.

Now that is the time when Gaedel Glas (Galahad/Gilead/Godol of Glastonbury) , [from whom are the Gaedil] was born, of Scota daughter of Phares. From her are the Scots named...

Feni are named from Feinius
a meaning without secretiveness:
Gaedil from comely Gaedel Glas,
Scots from Scota.

It is Gaedel of Glas who fashioned the Gaelic language ...

Now Ezra (Sru) son of Israel (Esru) son of Gaedel, he it is who was chieftain for the Gaedil who went out of the South after Phares died : Seven hundred and seventy years from the Exile (c.586 BC) till then (c.184 AD).

Four hundred and forty years (146 BC) till the time when the sons of Miletus [from Egypt via Spain] came into Ireland, to wit, Eber and Eremon...

Forty and four hundred of years--it is no falsehood--
from when the people of God came,
be ye certain over the surface of Mare Rubrum,
till they landed in Scene from the clear sea,
they, the Sons of Mil, in the land of Ireland.

Four ships' companies strong went Ezra (Sru) out of the South. There were twenty-four wedded couples and three hirelings for every ship. Sru and his son Eber Scot, they were the chieftains of the expedition. [It is then that Nathaniel III grandson of Nathaniel I son of Phineas ben Phares, prince of Scotia, died: and] Sru also died immediately after reaching Scotia.

Eber Scot took [by force] the kingship of Scotia from the progeny of Nathaniel, till he fell at the hands of Nehunya (Noemius) son of Nathaniel III. There was a contention between Nehunya and Boamain son of Eber Scot. Boamain took the kingship till he fell at the hands of Nehunya. Nehunya took the princedom till he fell at the hands of Ogamain son of Boamain in vengeance for this father. Ogamain took the kingship till he died. Rafael I son of Nehunya took the kingship till he fell at the hands of Tat son of Ogamain. Thereafter Tat fell at the hands of Rafael II Loir (King Lear) son of Rafael I (Refill). Thereafter there was a contention for the princedom between Rafael II Loir(Refloir) [grandson of Nehunya] and Agnomain son of Tat, until Rafael II Loir fell at the hands of Agnomain.

For that reason was the seed of Gaedil driven forth upon the sea, to wit Agnomain and Lamfhind his son, so that they were seven years on the sea, skirting the world on the north side...

Gaedel of Glas, of whom are the Gaedil,
son was he of Niall, with store of wealth:
he was mighty west and east,
Niall, son of Phineas b. Phares.

Phineas had two sons--I speak truth--
Niall our father and Nathaniel I,
Niall was born at the Yeshivah in the east,
Nathaniel in Scotia, bright as a shield.

After Phineas, the hero of ocean,
there was great envy between the brethren:
Niall slew Nathaniel, who was not gentle;
the High King was expelled.

He went into Exile through valour
till he reached his grandfather Phares;
till he bestowed Scota, of no scanty beauty,
the modest, nimble granddaughter of Phares.

Scota bore a son to noble Niall,
from whom was born a perfect great race:
Gaedel Glas was the name of the man--
green were his arms and his vesture.

Fierce Israel (Esru) was son to him,
who was a Lord with heavy arms:
the son of Israel (Esru), Ezra (Sru) of the ancient hosts
to whom was meet all the fame attributed to him.

Sru son of Esru son of Gaedel,
our ancestor, rejoicing in troops,
he it is who went northward to his house,
over the surface of the red Mare Rubrum.

The crews of four ships were the tale
of his host along the red Mare Rubrum:
in his house of planks, we may say,
twenty-four wedded couples.

The Rosh Galuta of Scotia, it was a clear fact,
the youth whose name was Nathaniel III,
it is then he died yonder in his house--
when the Gaedil arrived.

Eber Scot of the heroes assumed [the kingdom]
over the progeny of Nathaniel unashamed,
till he fell, with no gentle kindness,
at the hands of Nehunya son of Nathaniel III.

The strong son of Eber thereafter, who had the name Boamain,
of perfect purity, to the shore
of the Caspian Sea was he king,
till he fell by the hand of Nehunya.

Nehunya son of Nathaniel III of the strength
settled in Scotia, chequered like a shield:
the perfect fair prince fell
by the hand of Ogamain son of Boamain.

Thereafter Ogamain was prince
after Nehunya of good strength:
till he died in his territory, unchurched:
after him Rafael I was king.

Thereafter Rafael I fell by
the hand of Tait son of Ogmain:
Tait fell, though he was not feeble,'
by the hand of Rafael II Loir son to Rafael I.

Rafael II Loir and Agnomain without blemish,
seven years were they in contention,
till Rafael II Loir fell with tumult
by the victorious hand of Agnomain.

Nathaniel IV and Rafael III with a [spear] point
two sons of Rafael II Loir son of Rafael I,
they drove Agnomain out over the raging sea,
great and green.

Good were the chieftains, it was sufficient,
who came out of Scotia;
Agnomain, Eber without blemish,
the two sons of Tait son of Ogamain.

Allot, Lamfhind of the green hand,
conspicuous the two sons of very bright Agnomain,
Caicher and Cing, fame with victory
the two good sons of Eber of the red-steed.

The number of their ships,
three ships coming over heavy waves;
three score [the crew] of every ship,
a clear saying, and women every third score.

Agnomain died, it was no reproach
in the islands of the great Caspian Sea.
The place where they were for a year
they found very secret. .."

This process of one branch of the Davidic family slaying the other may be the poetic hyperbole of the Irish storytellers- in fact it may be that these two branches of the family were just competing for the position of Exilarch of Scotia. Phares has been confused with Pharoah due to the Irish memory of the original daughters of King Zedekiah, Sukkota and Tamar Tia, going to Egypt with Jeremiah and there marrying into Princes of the Milesian mercenaries. They lived in the palace at Tahpanhes given to them by their grandfather who was the Pharoah (Their mother Queen Tzaddah (Tzadikah)was the daughter of Pharoah by a Jewish wife). The Caspian Sea here refers to the North Sea and the Mare Rubrum to the Sea between Gibraltar and Kerry- also known as the Milesian Sea. It was in the reign of the Pharoah Psammeticus (identified by Velikovsky with Seti I)that the Milesians arrived in Egypt with 30 ships and settled in Tahpanhes.

The two grandson's of Phares were Nathaniel (Nenual/Nechtanebus)and Niall (Nilius/Nel/Neleus/Niul), they were named for their ancestors the Princes who married Sukkota and Tia. Sukkota married the Milesian Prince Nilius leader of the Milesian mercenaries in Egypt. Tia married Nathaniel (Nenual) a Prince of the Davidic House of Nathan who joined the Milesian mercenaries. Prince Nilius or Niall was in turn named for the founder of the Ionian City of Miletus called Nilius or Neleus who was a son of Codrus King of Athens. Codrus was a descendant of Cecrops King of Athens who is believed to by a descendant of Dardanus who is identified with Darda of the House of Zerah Judah.

Prince Nathaniel was a son of Prince Ishmael ben Nathaniah. Prince Nathaniel joined the Milesian Militia of the Red Hand and his son was known as Nathan the Red (Nuada/Nathan Ruadha)and he married the daughter of the Milesian leader Neleus called Princess Tamar of Tahpanhes (Tephi). Their son was Allot (Alladh/Helios)the Rosh Golus settled in Lybia and married Rhoda a daughter of the Milesian Prince Danaus (son of Nilius and Sukkota). It is from his daughter Skalota that Scythia got its name. Skalota married Phineas of the Black Sea (who was later confused with his descendant Fenius Farsa). The wife of Phares, Bat Scota or Bat Scotia, was of the Royal Pictish line of Princesses. The Picts were the Agathysri of Scythia who had come to Scotland and given it the name of Scotia or Scythia. Bat Scota the wife of Phares belonged to a branch of the Royal Scythian family that had been converted by St Andrew. St Bartholomew was martyred by the pagan Pictish King of the Agathyrsi.

Rhoda and Allot's son Kamiros settled in Rhodes and was the ancestor of many of the R1b-L21 Davidic descendants found in Wales where his descendants were known as the Cymry. Many have confused the R1b-L21 Cymry with the Khumri, Gamiri and Cimmerians who may be the ancestors of R1b-U106. The Anglo-Saxons seemed to be of predominately R1b-U106 and the Jutes of predominately R1b-U152. It would seem that the Dan in Denmark comes not from the Tribe of Dan but from the name Rhodan and Redones. Kamiros' brother is Ercha [c.500 BC]the ancestor of the Davidic Milesian Kings. Ercha's daughter Echidna married the son of Phineas of the Black Sea and Skalota. It would seem that these Scythian Princes descended from Phineas and Skalota are of R1a Edomite y-dna and are the ancestors of many of the Agathyrsi, Picts, and Khazar Jews. Somerled of the Isles was one such Khazar Prince.

Another branch of these Rhodan Milesians founded Rhoda in Calalus in North America. The Redones of Gaul from the Rhone River are also descendants of these Rhadanites or Rhodans. It is possible that the descendants of these Rhodan Milesians of the House of Zerah Judah belong to y-dna R1b-U152. These sea faring descendants of the Davidic Milesians[R1b-L21](who became Jewish Christians) and the Jewish Rhodan Milesians[R1b-U152](some becoming Jewish Christians in the 8th and 9th centuries and others remaining Jewish right through the Middle Ages) trading between America, the British Isles and into the rivers of Europe and then into the East. It would seem the R1b-U106 is the y-dna of the Tribes of Joseph[or the Lost Tribes of Israel] descended in the male line from the Hebrew Patriarchs.

Tuathal Teachtmar is a son of Fiachu son of Phares (Feradach). His mother is Ethne (Edna)Imgel (Imma Gaeli/Mother of the Gaels) of Scotia. Phares is the son of Nathan the Red also called Crimthann and Nuada or Nechtan a grandson of Joseph of Arimathea. These early Irish and Scottish 'kings' are the Davidic Exilarchs of the Glas Dynasty or Glastonbury Dynasty. Gaedal Glas is the son of Niall and his wife Scota a granddaughter of Phares and the sister of Tuathal Teachtmar. The Irish bards have so confused the manuscripts and genealogies that they have placed Tuathal Teachtmar of the Caledonii in the 12th century BC as Partolon or Ptolomy (Tolmai)with his wife Dalny the daughter of Pharoah who are the first invaders of Ireland. In fact Tuathal is this Prince Ptolomy of the Caledonii who married a daughter of Phinchas ben Phares (Fenius Farsa). He is named for his ancestor Nathaniel bar Tolmai (St Bartholomew) who was an apostle to Britain. Thus Partolon and his Caledonians lived at the beginning of the 2nd century AD not the 12th century BC. St Bartholomew was martyred by a pagan Pictish King in Alba (Scotland)by the North Sea (also called Caspian in the Irish accounts). This martyrdom has been mistakenly placed in Alba or Albanopolis in Armenia.

Niall and Scota's daughter Bat Scota married Nathaniel II of Scotia. The Lebor Kabbalah Scotia tells of settlements by these Scottish Jewish Christians in Spain and Ireland. The later monks are drawing on the manuscripts of the history of this early Jewish Christian history and they have exaggerated the stories making the Exilarchs into Kings due to their Davidic status. However they only became Kings in later centuries beginning in the 3rd century. They were originally known as the Rosh Galuta (Head of the Exile) or Guletic. They were Bishops who were also Davidic Nasis (Princes)which some called the Fisherkings. Their descendants were also known as the Sons of Joseph who was represented by the symbol of the fish. They were surrounded by the followers of Druidic paganism and many of them fell away from the Christian faith of their ancestors so that by the time of St Patrick and St Ninian the Christians were almost extinct. Many of the Jewish Christian tales became paganised in the process. Often scholars see that the pagan stories have been Christianised not realising that these tales had originally been Christian. Conn of the Hundred Battles was a champion of the revived Druidic paganism and he was a grandson of the Scottish born Tuathal Teachtmar of the Exilarch family of Scotia.

It is interesting that R1b-L21 which I believe is the Davidic y-dna seems to have its largest numbers in Wales (c.70% of the Welsh are Descendants of David) and Ireland (c.60% of the Irish are descendants of David)and also very large percentages of English and Scottish people are also of Davidic descent. Scandanavia seems to have about 10% Davidic population and France (especially in the North West of France), Germany (especially in the West of Germany) and Spain (about 5%) also have significant Davidic populations. It is also of interest that the last European Monarchy that has anointed Monarchs in the tradition of the Kings of Judah is the British Monarchy that today counts the majority of the Davidic descendants among its population.
Traprain Law formerly known as Dunpendyrlaw and Galefort

In the Arthurian literature it mentions that Nascien (Nathan the Red grandson of Joseph of Arimathea) had a son Celidoine. This Celidoine may be identified with Phares or Feradach (Brother Phares) and Celidoine was his title as the Lord (Adon) of the Culdees (or khaldaios/holymen)in Scotia. Caledonia became a synonym for Scotland and the Caledonii were named for him. The first Jewish Christian Eucharistic centre (Grail Castle or chapel) was built by Phares the Celidoine and named Galefort (Gilead/Galahad/Goloddyn)and named for his grandfather Gilead (Galahad/Galuta). Goloddyn or Gilead or Galuta Dun meaning the fort of Gilead or Galuta. Later the name Goloddin for the fort became confused with the name of the Tribe Gadeni or Godoli and became Gododdin or Gododdyn. They were also called the Gaeli (the Redeemed ones).
Corbridge /Corbenic Roman ruins:Home of Lancelot, Elaine and Galahad in Northumberland

Galefort is to be identified with Traprain Law in East Lothian. Its older name was Dunpendyrlaw or the fort of the Pendragon Elidyr. Pendragon or Ben Dragon Slayer Elidyr (Elutherius/Uther)was the father-in-law of the original King Arthur. Corbenic was in Cambernic Brynaich (later called Bernicia)and was the home of Lancelot ( son of Anlach of Bennic or Brynaich/ L'Angus). Lancelot was also known as Brychan and was the founder of the Welsh Princedom of Brychneiniog. Lancelot in later life was known as St Brychan. Today Corbenic is called Corbridge in Northumberland. The southern Gododdin were also called the Manau or Manau or Manannan. The Isle of Man was also called Manannan. Manannan was a son of the Jewish Christian Rosh Galuta Rafael II Llyr (Loir/Lear). Manannan promoted the Jewish Christian practice of Eucharistic Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and established a Grail Castle or Chapel on the Isle of Man. The name refers to the heavenly Bread as Manna or Man and those who adore Jesus as the Man Am (People of the Manna or adorers of the Manna). Many places bore the name of Man as chapels of Eucharistic Adoration.

Traprain Law/Galefort Treasure

Archeological discoveries at Traprain Law demonstrate that in the 4th and 5th centuries this Gododdin city was Christian. The Wikipedia article on Traprain Law mentions its foundation in about 40 AD- a time when the kin of Joseph of Arimathea established Galefort. "Excavations have shown it was occupied in the Late Iron Age from about AD 40 through the last quarter of the 2nd century (about the time that the Antonine Wall was manned). Following the Roman withdrawal to the line of Hadrian's Wall it was occupied from about 220 almost uninterruptedly until about 400 when an impressive new rampart was built, then within a few decades the site was abandoned. In the 1st century the Romans recorded the Votadini as a British tribe in the area, and Traprain Law is generally thought to have been one of their major settlements. They emerged as a kingdom under the Brythonic version of their name Gododdin and Traprain Law is thought to have been their capital before moving to Din Eidyn (Edinburgh Castle)..."

This account of the Lebor Kabbalah Scotia mentions that Phares called his son Phineas (Phinchas)back from the Jewish Christian Yeshiva at Kinnyani in Babylon to become the Scottish Exilarch. This was because Phares was to succeed his twin brother Adon Zerah (Aidan/Aodn of Glas) the Exilarch or Jewish Christian Bishop/Abbot of Glastonbury (called the Isle of Glas). Adon means Lord in Hebrew and Glas may be a contraction of the word Golus (Exile). His son was the famous Simeon Breac (Simeon the Blessed) who brought the Stone of Destiny (Jacob's Stone)from Spain to Ireland. Simeon was also called Rabbi Berechiah and Simeon the Gael. These events occurred in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD not the 7th century BC. In the Irish annals the figure of Nemed (Nemhaidh/Nehemiah)is mentioned however Geoffrey Keating seems to have confused a number of people with similiar names. In his account he makes Simeon Breac a grandson of Nemhaidh when Simeon is a grandson of Nathan the Red. The famous Nemed of Nemedian fame is in reality the Scottish and Babylonian Exilarch Prince Nehemiah. It is possible that they are two different Simeon's that have become confused.

Camelon/ Camelot in Scotland near Falkirk

Some Conclusions: It would seem that only between 20-30% of Jews belong to the Hebrew y-dna of R1b [30-40% of Sephardi Jews and 10-15 % of Ashkenazi Jews] which would seem to please some anti-semites who want to brand the Jewish people as Edomites. However only about 5-10% of Jews are of the Edomite R1a y-dna [about 10-15% of Ashkenazi Jews and about 3-6 % of Sephardi Jews]. It would also seem that only 20-30% of the English are of Josephite R1b-106 y-dna from the Anglo-Saxon Invasions, while the English are 60-70% of R1b Israelite ancestry overall. The large amount of Royal Davidic R1b-L21 y-dna in the British Isles would entitled us to call it the Isles of King David or the Isles of Judah. In a sense Hitler's rant against the British as "white Jews" was more accurate than he imagined. Sifting through the traditional Gaelic accounts combined with archaeological discoveries and genetics may restore this glorious Jewish Christian past to the history of Scotland.